The prevalence of major depressive and bipolar disorders in Hungary. Results from a national epidemiologic survey

E. Szádóczky, Zs Papp, J. Vitrai, Z. Ríhmer, J. Füredi

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223 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to estimate the prevalence of affective disorders in Hungary a sample of the Hungarian adult population (18-64 years) selected at random was interviewed using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) which generated DSM-III-R diagnoses. The lifetime rate for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) was 15.1%, and for Bipolar Disorders (BD) 5.1%. The female-to-male ratio was 2.7 for MDD and nearly equal for BD. The 1-year and 1-month period prevalence rates were 7.1% and 2.6% for MDD and 0.9% and 0.5% for manic episodes. A higher rate of divorced or separated persons was found among individuals with a lifetime diagnosis of MDD. Besides these, the lifetime diagnosis of BD coexisted with higher rates of the never-married state. The highest hazard rate for the development of BD or MDD was in the range 15-19 years but in MDD another peak was also found in the range 45-50 years. The first peak was characteristic of the recurrent, and the other one of the single form of MDD. Insomnia, loss of energy, decreased interest, concentration problems were the most common symptoms during the depressive episode, independent of polarity. Higher rates of lifetime diagnosis of dysthymia and all kinds of anxiety disorder were revealed among persons with MDD. BD was associated with GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder), and panic disorder more often than chance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-162
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume50
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 1998

Fingerprint

Hungary
Major Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Divorce
Surveys and Questionnaires
Panic Disorder
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Mood Disorders
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Appointments and Schedules
Interviews
Depression

Keywords

  • Age of onset
  • Bipolar disorder
  • DIS
  • Lifetime and period prevalence
  • Major depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

The prevalence of major depressive and bipolar disorders in Hungary. Results from a national epidemiologic survey. / Szádóczky, E.; Papp, Zs; Vitrai, J.; Ríhmer, Z.; Füredi, J.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 50, No. 2-3, 01.09.1998, p. 153-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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