A gyermekkori figyelemhiányos hiperaktivitási zavar lehetséges szerepe a fiatalkori heroinfüggôség kialakulásában.

Translated title of the contribution: The potential role of childhood ADHD in the development of heroin dependence at a young age

Agnes Szilágyi, Csaba Barta, Krisztina Boór, Anna Székely, Zsolt Demetrovics, József Csorba, Huba Kalász, Mária Sasvári-Székely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several studies suggested a possible link between substance use disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD). The ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) completed by parents is a tool for diagnosing ADHD in childhood. We adapted this questionnaire for a self-report retrospective scale to estimate the presence of childhood ADHD symptoms in adults. This retrospective questionnaire was completed by 121 heroin dependent patients and 85 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The ADHD Rating Scale Retrospective Questionnaire is a novel tool for assessing ADHD symptoms that demonstrated high validity. Our results showed strong gender difference in the prevalence of ADHD symptoms, since male subjects obtained higher mean scores of both attention-deficit and hyperactivity scales than females in both the control and the heroin dependent population. Besides, mean score of both scales were higher in the clinical population as a higher portion of substance abusers reported symptoms of childhood ADHD than controls. These results support the hypothesis that untreated childhood ADHD could be a risk factor for developing substance use disorder.

Translated title of the contributionThe potential role of childhood ADHD in the development of heroin dependence at a young age
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalNeuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakológiai Egyesület lapja = official journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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