The potency of induced pluripotent stem cells in cartilage regeneration and osteoarthritis treatment

Cormac Murphy, Ali Mobasheri, Zsuzsanna Táncos, Julianna Kobolák, A. Dinnyés

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic disabling condition effecting the elderly, significantly impacting an individual patient’s quality of life. Current treatment options for OA are focused on pain management and slowing degradation of cartilage. Some modern surgical techniques aimed at encouraging regeneration at defect sites have met with limited long-term success. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been viewed recently as a potential tool in OA repair due to their chondrogenic capacity. Several studies have shown success with regards to reducing patient’s OA-related pain and discomfort but have been less successful in inducing chondrocyte regeneration. The heterogeneity of MSCs and their limited proliferation capacity also raises issues when developing an off-the-shelf treatment for OA. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology, which allows for the easy production of cells capable of prolonged self-renewal and producing any somatic cell type, may overcome those limitations. Patient derived iPSCs can also be used to gain new insight into heredity-related OA. Efforts to generate chondrocytes from iPSCs through embryoid bodies or mesenchymal intermediate stages have struggled to produce with optimal functional characteristics. However, iPSCs potential to produce cells for future OA therapies has been supported by iPSC-derived teratomas, which have shown an ability to produce functional, stable articular cartilage. Other iPSCs-chondrogenic protocols are also improving by incorporating tissue engineering techniques to better mimic developmental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages55-68
Number of pages14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume1079
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019

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Keywords

  • Articular cartilage
  • Chondrocytes
  • Differentiation
  • iPSC
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Murphy, C., Mobasheri, A., Táncos, Z., Kobolák, J., & Dinnyés, A. (2018). The potency of induced pluripotent stem cells in cartilage regeneration and osteoarthritis treatment. In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (pp. 55-68). (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 1079). Springer New York LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/5584_2017_141