The Possible Role of Androgenic Hormones in Maturation of Alpha2‐Adrenergic Mechanisms in the Rat

D. T. Kiem, L. Bartha, G. B. Makara

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to get better characterization of androgenic hormones on the functionality of the α2‐adrenergic system and widen our previous studies, we investigated the effect of clonidine on the growth hormone (GH) secretion in male Wistar rats of various ages: 7‐, 14‐ and 30‐day old and adult, adult male castrated rats with and without testosterone treatment. Two different patterns of the GH response to clonidine have been observed in the control and testosterone‐treated young animals: clonidine at the dose 15 μg/kg intraperitoneally had no effect on the GH secretion in 7‐ to 14‐day old rat pups. In contrast, its effect appeared following the increase in the plasma testosterone concentration induced by pretreatment with testosterone (5 mg/kg subcutaneously for 4 days) in these animals. In 30‐day old rats clonidine affected GH secretion and this influence was more pronounced in the testosterone‐treated animals than in the controls. The decrease in the circulating testosterone levels caused by castration in adult male rats caused a decreased GH response to clonidine. Moreover, there was a tendency for the GH response to return in 4‐week old animals. The effect of clonidine has been restored by testosterone replacement of castrates. Testosterone administration decreased basal plasma GH levels in the pups. However, it triggered the ultradian surges of GH secretion which were absent in the young animals. Clonidine had no effect on the corticosterone secretion in 7‐day old animals. Testosterone treatment induced a response in the 7‐day old rat and markedly potentiated its effect on the secretion of this hormone in 14‐ and 30‐day old animals, respectively. Neither progesterone nor hydrocortisone influenced the GH‐releasing effect of clonidine. Hydrocortisone markedly inhibited the basal‐ and clonidine‐induced corticosterone secretion. The results of the present study indicate an important role of androgenic hormones in inducing and/or maintaining the effectiveness/sensitivity of the α2‐adrenergic receptor system and suggest a possible role for the androgenic hormones in the maturation of α‐adrenergic mechanisms in the rat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-529
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1990

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Keywords

  • clonidine
  • corticosterone secretion
  • growth hormone
  • testosterone
  • α ‐adrenoreceptor maturation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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