The possible protective role of personality dimensions against premenstrual syndrome

Tamas Telek, Xenia Gonda, Judit Lazary, Anita Benko, Dorottya Pap, Andras Vargha, Gyorgy Bagdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Previous studies suggest that women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) differ from those without PMS in personality dimensions, but it is not clear what role personality plays in the background of premenstrual symptomatology. Our purpose was to examine personality dimensions measured by the Tridimensional Character Inventory (TCI) in psychiatrically healthy women not suffering from premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in relation to the severity of distressing and impairing mental and physical symptoms experienced in the late luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Forty healthy women completed the prospective record of the Impact and Severity of Menstrual Symptoms (PRISM) calendar every evening through three consecutive menstrual cycles and were assigned into LPS (luteal phase symptom) vs. non-LPS groups. Our grouping did not reflect categorization according to the presence of PMS, since we investigated healthy women. Personality characteristics were evaluated using the TCI. LPS subjects scored significantly higher in subscales associated with novelty seeking (NS), self-directedness (S), cooperation (C) and self-transcendence (ST), and lower in the harm avoidance (HA) scale. Elevated scores of women with higher symptom severity in the late luteal phase in NS, S, ST and C scales and lower HA scores are in contrast with previous results on personality traits associated with PMS. However, we investigated psychiatrically healthy women. Therefore, our results suggest that this personality profile is a protective factor against developing serious psychiatric symptoms when experiencing a distressing and more marked symptomatology associated with the late luteal phase of the reproductive cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-85
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2010



  • Harm avoidance
  • Late luteal phase symptomatology
  • Premenstrual syndrome
  • Protective factors
  • TCI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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