The personality profile of chronic alcohol dependent patients with comorbid gambling disorder symptoms

Ildikó Kovács, Ildikó Katalin Pribék, Ildikó Demeter, Sándor Rózsa, Zoltán Janka, Zsolt Demetrovics, Bálint Andó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aims: The importance of personality characteristics in the diagnosis and treatment of gambling disorder (GD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) is often highlighted in scientific literature. This study aimed to test predictions about the associations of temperament and character in chronic AUD patients with comorbid GD symptoms and without them. Methods: Chronic AUD patients enrolled from an inpatient clinic were divided in two groups based on cluster analysis, AUD patients with (AUD + GD group: n = 30) and without (AUD group: n = 68) GD symptoms. Severity of GD symptoms and personality dimensions (Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory Revised, TCI-R) were assessed. Associations of tested variables were analysed with analysis of covariance, one-sample and independent sample t-tests. Results: GD symptoms proved to be a clustering factor in terms of personality, where AUD + GD group expressed a more maladaptive personality profile. Compared to Hungarian normative TCI-R scores, both patient groups showed elevated levels of Harm Avoidance and Novelty Seeking with lower scores of Self-directedness, while the AUD + GD group scored lower on Persistence and Cooperation as well. The AUD + GD group reported significantly higher levels of Harm Avoidance, with lower scores of Reward Dependence compared to the AUD group. Discussion: Comorbid GD symptom severity is an important factor in chronic AUD, where AUD patients with comorbid GD symptoms exhibited a more maladaptive personality constellation than singular AUD patients. These emphasize the need of special attention for comorbid GD symptoms in AUD, since treatment recommendations and prognosis for them may also differ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152183
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorder
  • Gambling disorder
  • Personality
  • Symptom severity
  • Temperament and character

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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