The pattern of diffusion parameter changes in alzheimer's disease, identified by means of linked independent component analysis

Zsigmond Tamas Kincses, Daniel Hořínek, Nikoletta Szabó, Eszter Tóth, Gergo Csete, Irena Štěpán-Buksakowska, Jakub Hort, László Vécsei

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several recent studies have indicated that white matter is affected in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Diffusion tensor imaging is a tool by which the white matter microstructure can be examined in vivo, and might offer a possibility for the identification of the pattern of white matter disintegration in AD. In the current analysis, we made use of a novel model-free analysis approach of linked independent component analysis to identify a motif of diffusion parameter alterations exemplifying AD. Analysis of the diffusion data of 16 AD patients and 17 age-matched healthy subjects revealed six independent components, two of which demonstrated differences between the patients and controls. Component 0 was dominated by axial diffusivity, but significant alterations in fractional anisotropy and mean and radial diffusivity were also detected. Alterations were found in regions of crossing of major white matter pathways, such as forceps, corona radiate, and superior longitudinal fascicle, as well as medio-temporal white matter. These results lend support to the coexistence of white matter disintegration of the late myelinating associating fibers and wallerian degeneration-related disintegration, in accordance with the retrogenesis and wallerian degeneration hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-128
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • diffusion tensor imaging
  • linked independent component analysis
  • magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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