The novel panel assay to define tumor-associated antigen-binding antibodies in patients with metastatic melanomas may have diagnostic value

Beatrix Kotlan, Gabriella Liszkay, Miri Blank, Orsolya Csuka, Timea Balatoni, Laszlo Toth, Klara Eles, Szabolcs Horvath, Gyorgy Naszados, Judit Olasz, Balazs Banky, Jozsef Toth, Maria Godeny, Francesco M. Marincola, Miklos Kasler, Yehuda Shoenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aim to harness the natural humoral immune response by various technologies to get novel biomarkers. A complex antibody analysis in sera and in the tumor microenvironment leads to reveal tumor-specific antibodies. More strategies were introduced to select the most effective one to identify potential tumor antigen-binding capacity of the host. Epstein–Barr virus transformation and cloning with limiting dilution assay, magnetic cell sorting and antibody phage display with further methodological improvements were used in epithelial and neuroectodermal cancers. Column-purified sera of patient with melanoma were tested by immunofluorescence assay, while sera of further melanoma patients were processed for membrane-binding enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Some supernatants of selected B cell clones and purified antibodies showed considerable cancer cell binding capacity by immunofluorescence FACS analysis and confocal laser microscopy. Our native tumor cell membrane preparations helped to test soluble scFv and patients’ sera for tumor binder antibodies. A complex tumor immunological study was introduced for patients with melanoma (ethical permission: ETT TUKEB 16462-02/2010); peripheral blood (n = 57) and surgically removed primary or metastatic tumors (n = 44) were gathered and processed at cellular immunological level. The technological developments proved to be important steps forward to the next antibody profile analyses at DNA sequence level. Cancer cell binding of patient-derived antibodies and natural immunoglobulin preparations of pooled plasma product intravenous immunoglobulins support the importance of natural human antibodies. Important cancer diagnostics and novel anticancer strategies are going to be built on these tools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-23
Number of pages13
JournalImmunologic Research
Volume61
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Autoantibody
  • Human antibody
  • Melanoma
  • Tumor antigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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    Kotlan, B., Liszkay, G., Blank, M., Csuka, O., Balatoni, T., Toth, L., Eles, K., Horvath, S., Naszados, G., Olasz, J., Banky, B., Toth, J., Godeny, M., Marincola, F. M., Kasler, M., & Shoenfeld, Y. (2014). The novel panel assay to define tumor-associated antigen-binding antibodies in patients with metastatic melanomas may have diagnostic value. Immunologic Research, 61(1-2), 11-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12026-014-8600-6