The neuropsychology of borderline personality disorder: Relationship with clinical dimensions and comparison with other personality disorders

Imola Seres, Zsolt Unoka, Nikoletta Bódi, Nikoletta Áspán, S. Kéri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with borderline personality disorder show various neuropsychological dysfunctions. However, the exact pattern of this dysfunction and its severity in comparison with other personality disorders are not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the neuropsychological performance of borderline patients (n = 50) with that of patients with other personality disorders (n = 30) and healthy controls (n = 30) using the Repeatable Brief Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) test battery. Borderline patients showed deficient attention, immediate and delayed memory, and relatively spared visuospatial and language functions compared with controls (effect size range: 0.34-0.99). The neuropsychological deficit was less pronounced in patients with other personality disorders compared with controls (effect size range: 0.18-0.66). However, there was no statistically significant difference between patients with borderline and other personality disorders. The neuropsychological deficit significantly correlated with the impulsivity sector score of the Zanarini Rating Scale for Borderline Personality Disorder (ZAN-BPD). These results suggest that borderline patients are impaired in neuropsychological domains sensitive for frontal and temporal lobe functioning, and this deficit is related to impulsivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-562
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Fingerprint

Neuropsychology
Borderline Personality Disorder
Personality Disorders
Impulsive Behavior
Repression (Psychology)
Neuropsychological Tests
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Short-Term Memory
Language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

The neuropsychology of borderline personality disorder : Relationship with clinical dimensions and comparison with other personality disorders. / Seres, Imola; Unoka, Zsolt; Bódi, Nikoletta; Áspán, Nikoletta; Kéri, S.

In: Journal of Personality Disorders, Vol. 23, No. 6, 12.2009, p. 555-562.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4a5bb02c840b4fc4bc6af26cddc06768,
title = "The neuropsychology of borderline personality disorder: Relationship with clinical dimensions and comparison with other personality disorders",
abstract = "Patients with borderline personality disorder show various neuropsychological dysfunctions. However, the exact pattern of this dysfunction and its severity in comparison with other personality disorders are not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the neuropsychological performance of borderline patients (n = 50) with that of patients with other personality disorders (n = 30) and healthy controls (n = 30) using the Repeatable Brief Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) test battery. Borderline patients showed deficient attention, immediate and delayed memory, and relatively spared visuospatial and language functions compared with controls (effect size range: 0.34-0.99). The neuropsychological deficit was less pronounced in patients with other personality disorders compared with controls (effect size range: 0.18-0.66). However, there was no statistically significant difference between patients with borderline and other personality disorders. The neuropsychological deficit significantly correlated with the impulsivity sector score of the Zanarini Rating Scale for Borderline Personality Disorder (ZAN-BPD). These results suggest that borderline patients are impaired in neuropsychological domains sensitive for frontal and temporal lobe functioning, and this deficit is related to impulsivity.",
author = "Imola Seres and Zsolt Unoka and Nikoletta B{\'o}di and Nikoletta {\'A}sp{\'a}n and S. K{\'e}ri",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1521/pedi.2009.23.6.555",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "555--562",
journal = "Journal of Personality Disorders",
issn = "0885-579X",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The neuropsychology of borderline personality disorder

T2 - Relationship with clinical dimensions and comparison with other personality disorders

AU - Seres, Imola

AU - Unoka, Zsolt

AU - Bódi, Nikoletta

AU - Áspán, Nikoletta

AU - Kéri, S.

PY - 2009/12

Y1 - 2009/12

N2 - Patients with borderline personality disorder show various neuropsychological dysfunctions. However, the exact pattern of this dysfunction and its severity in comparison with other personality disorders are not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the neuropsychological performance of borderline patients (n = 50) with that of patients with other personality disorders (n = 30) and healthy controls (n = 30) using the Repeatable Brief Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) test battery. Borderline patients showed deficient attention, immediate and delayed memory, and relatively spared visuospatial and language functions compared with controls (effect size range: 0.34-0.99). The neuropsychological deficit was less pronounced in patients with other personality disorders compared with controls (effect size range: 0.18-0.66). However, there was no statistically significant difference between patients with borderline and other personality disorders. The neuropsychological deficit significantly correlated with the impulsivity sector score of the Zanarini Rating Scale for Borderline Personality Disorder (ZAN-BPD). These results suggest that borderline patients are impaired in neuropsychological domains sensitive for frontal and temporal lobe functioning, and this deficit is related to impulsivity.

AB - Patients with borderline personality disorder show various neuropsychological dysfunctions. However, the exact pattern of this dysfunction and its severity in comparison with other personality disorders are not known. The purpose of this study was to compare the neuropsychological performance of borderline patients (n = 50) with that of patients with other personality disorders (n = 30) and healthy controls (n = 30) using the Repeatable Brief Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) test battery. Borderline patients showed deficient attention, immediate and delayed memory, and relatively spared visuospatial and language functions compared with controls (effect size range: 0.34-0.99). The neuropsychological deficit was less pronounced in patients with other personality disorders compared with controls (effect size range: 0.18-0.66). However, there was no statistically significant difference between patients with borderline and other personality disorders. The neuropsychological deficit significantly correlated with the impulsivity sector score of the Zanarini Rating Scale for Borderline Personality Disorder (ZAN-BPD). These results suggest that borderline patients are impaired in neuropsychological domains sensitive for frontal and temporal lobe functioning, and this deficit is related to impulsivity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=73249138735&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=73249138735&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1521/pedi.2009.23.6.555

DO - 10.1521/pedi.2009.23.6.555

M3 - Article

C2 - 20001174

AN - SCOPUS:73249138735

VL - 23

SP - 555

EP - 562

JO - Journal of Personality Disorders

JF - Journal of Personality Disorders

SN - 0885-579X

IS - 6

ER -