Az Országos Lakossági Adatfelvétel az Addiktológiai Problémákról 2015 (OLAAP 2015) reprezentatív lakossági felmérés módszertana és a minta leíró jellemzői

Translated title of the contribution: The methodology and sample description of the national survey on addiction problems in Hungary 2015 (NSAPH 2015)

Paksi Borbála, Z. Demetrovics, Magi Anna, Felvinczi Katalin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper introduces the methods and methodological findings of the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary (NSAPH 2015). Use patterns of smoking, alcohol use and other psychoactive substances were measured as well as that of certain behavioural addictions (problematic gambling – PGSI, DSM-V, eating disorders – SCOFF, problematic internet use - PIUQ, problematic on-line gaming - POGO, problematic social media use – FAS, exercise addictions - EAI-HU, work addiction - BWAS, compulsive buying – CBS). The paper describes the applied measurement techniques, sample selection, recruitment of respondents and the data collection strategy as well. Methodological results of the survey including reliability and validity of the measures are reported. The NSAPH 2015 research was carried out on a nationally representative sample of the Hungarian adult population aged 16-64 yrs (gross sample 2477, net sample 2274 persons) with the age group of 18-34 being overrepresented. Statistical analysis of the weight-distribution suggests that weighting did not create any artificial distortion in the database leaving the representativeness of the sample unaffected. The size of the weighted sample of the 18-64 years old adult population is 1490 persons. The extent of the theoretical margin of error in the weighted sample is ±2,5%, at a reliability level of 95% which is in line with the original data collection plans. Based on the analysis of reliability and the extent of errors beyond sampling within the context of the database we conclude that inconsistencies create relatively minor distortions in cumulative prevalence rates; consequently the database makes possible the reliable estimation of risk factors related to different substance use behaviours. The reliability indexes of measurements used for prevalence estimates of behavioural addictions proved to be appropriate, though the psychometric features in some cases suggest the presence of redundant items. The comparison of parameters of errors beyond sample selection in the current and previous data collections indicates that trend estimates and their interpretation requires outstanding attention and in some cases even correction procedures might become necessary.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)55-85
Number of pages31
JournalNeuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

Fingerprint

Hungary
Databases
Social Media
Gambling
Selection Bias
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Internet
Sample Size
Population
Age Groups
Smoking
Alcohols
Surveys and Questionnaires
Exercise
Weights and Measures
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Az Orsz{\'a}gos Lakoss{\'a}gi Adatfelv{\'e}tel az Addiktol{\'o}giai Probl{\'e}m{\'a}kr{\'o}l 2015 (OLAAP 2015) reprezentat{\'i}v lakoss{\'a}gi felm{\'e}r{\'e}s m{\'o}dszertana {\'e}s a minta le{\'i}r{\'o} jellemzői",
abstract = "This paper introduces the methods and methodological findings of the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary (NSAPH 2015). Use patterns of smoking, alcohol use and other psychoactive substances were measured as well as that of certain behavioural addictions (problematic gambling – PGSI, DSM-V, eating disorders – SCOFF, problematic internet use - PIUQ, problematic on-line gaming - POGO, problematic social media use – FAS, exercise addictions - EAI-HU, work addiction - BWAS, compulsive buying – CBS). The paper describes the applied measurement techniques, sample selection, recruitment of respondents and the data collection strategy as well. Methodological results of the survey including reliability and validity of the measures are reported. The NSAPH 2015 research was carried out on a nationally representative sample of the Hungarian adult population aged 16-64 yrs (gross sample 2477, net sample 2274 persons) with the age group of 18-34 being overrepresented. Statistical analysis of the weight-distribution suggests that weighting did not create any artificial distortion in the database leaving the representativeness of the sample unaffected. The size of the weighted sample of the 18-64 years old adult population is 1490 persons. The extent of the theoretical margin of error in the weighted sample is ±2,5{\%}, at a reliability level of 95{\%} which is in line with the original data collection plans. Based on the analysis of reliability and the extent of errors beyond sampling within the context of the database we conclude that inconsistencies create relatively minor distortions in cumulative prevalence rates; consequently the database makes possible the reliable estimation of risk factors related to different substance use behaviours. The reliability indexes of measurements used for prevalence estimates of behavioural addictions proved to be appropriate, though the psychometric features in some cases suggest the presence of redundant items. The comparison of parameters of errors beyond sample selection in the current and previous data collections indicates that trend estimates and their interpretation requires outstanding attention and in some cases even correction procedures might become necessary.",
keywords = "Addictive behaviours, Alcohol, Behavioural addictions, General population survey, Hungary, Methodology, Representative data collection, Smoking, Substance use",
author = "Paksi Borb{\'a}la and Z. Demetrovics and Magi Anna and Felvinczi Katalin",
year = "2017",
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publisher = "Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology",
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T1 - Az Országos Lakossági Adatfelvétel az Addiktológiai Problémákról 2015 (OLAAP 2015) reprezentatív lakossági felmérés módszertana és a minta leíró jellemzői

AU - Borbála, Paksi

AU - Demetrovics, Z.

AU - Anna, Magi

AU - Katalin, Felvinczi

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N2 - This paper introduces the methods and methodological findings of the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary (NSAPH 2015). Use patterns of smoking, alcohol use and other psychoactive substances were measured as well as that of certain behavioural addictions (problematic gambling – PGSI, DSM-V, eating disorders – SCOFF, problematic internet use - PIUQ, problematic on-line gaming - POGO, problematic social media use – FAS, exercise addictions - EAI-HU, work addiction - BWAS, compulsive buying – CBS). The paper describes the applied measurement techniques, sample selection, recruitment of respondents and the data collection strategy as well. Methodological results of the survey including reliability and validity of the measures are reported. The NSAPH 2015 research was carried out on a nationally representative sample of the Hungarian adult population aged 16-64 yrs (gross sample 2477, net sample 2274 persons) with the age group of 18-34 being overrepresented. Statistical analysis of the weight-distribution suggests that weighting did not create any artificial distortion in the database leaving the representativeness of the sample unaffected. The size of the weighted sample of the 18-64 years old adult population is 1490 persons. The extent of the theoretical margin of error in the weighted sample is ±2,5%, at a reliability level of 95% which is in line with the original data collection plans. Based on the analysis of reliability and the extent of errors beyond sampling within the context of the database we conclude that inconsistencies create relatively minor distortions in cumulative prevalence rates; consequently the database makes possible the reliable estimation of risk factors related to different substance use behaviours. The reliability indexes of measurements used for prevalence estimates of behavioural addictions proved to be appropriate, though the psychometric features in some cases suggest the presence of redundant items. The comparison of parameters of errors beyond sample selection in the current and previous data collections indicates that trend estimates and their interpretation requires outstanding attention and in some cases even correction procedures might become necessary.

AB - This paper introduces the methods and methodological findings of the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary (NSAPH 2015). Use patterns of smoking, alcohol use and other psychoactive substances were measured as well as that of certain behavioural addictions (problematic gambling – PGSI, DSM-V, eating disorders – SCOFF, problematic internet use - PIUQ, problematic on-line gaming - POGO, problematic social media use – FAS, exercise addictions - EAI-HU, work addiction - BWAS, compulsive buying – CBS). The paper describes the applied measurement techniques, sample selection, recruitment of respondents and the data collection strategy as well. Methodological results of the survey including reliability and validity of the measures are reported. The NSAPH 2015 research was carried out on a nationally representative sample of the Hungarian adult population aged 16-64 yrs (gross sample 2477, net sample 2274 persons) with the age group of 18-34 being overrepresented. Statistical analysis of the weight-distribution suggests that weighting did not create any artificial distortion in the database leaving the representativeness of the sample unaffected. The size of the weighted sample of the 18-64 years old adult population is 1490 persons. The extent of the theoretical margin of error in the weighted sample is ±2,5%, at a reliability level of 95% which is in line with the original data collection plans. Based on the analysis of reliability and the extent of errors beyond sampling within the context of the database we conclude that inconsistencies create relatively minor distortions in cumulative prevalence rates; consequently the database makes possible the reliable estimation of risk factors related to different substance use behaviours. The reliability indexes of measurements used for prevalence estimates of behavioural addictions proved to be appropriate, though the psychometric features in some cases suggest the presence of redundant items. The comparison of parameters of errors beyond sample selection in the current and previous data collections indicates that trend estimates and their interpretation requires outstanding attention and in some cases even correction procedures might become necessary.

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KW - Alcohol

KW - Behavioural addictions

KW - General population survey

KW - Hungary

KW - Methodology

KW - Representative data collection

KW - Smoking

KW - Substance use

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