The many faces of PPARγ: Anti-inflammatory by any means?

Attila Szanto, Laszlo Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, a group of transcription factors that regulate expression of their target genes upon ligand binding. As endogenous ligands, oxidized fatty acids and prostanoids can bind to and activate the receptor. Natural and synthetic PPARγ activators have been studied extensively in many inflammatory settings and in most instances they have been shown to be anti-inflammatory. In this review we give an overview of the different molecular mechanisms how PPARγ and its agonists exert their anti-inflammatory effects both at the cellular level and the level of the organism. The action of PPARγ in acute and chronic inflammatory diseases and disease models will be presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-803
Number of pages15
JournalImmunobiology
Volume213
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 6 2008

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Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Macrophage
  • Nuclear receptor
  • PPARγ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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