The madness of Dionysus -- six hypotheses on the illness of Nietzsche.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) is considered as one of the most influential modern thinkers of the last two centuries. The great philosopher and poet developed a mental illness at the age of 44 and died at the age of 56. Pathological examination was not undertaken. At that time Nietzsche was diagnosed as having atypical paralysis progressiva, however recently five other probable diagnoses appeared in literature. Literature search in MEDLINE and Web of Science on the illness of Nietzsche. Six hypotheses were identified: 1. Paralysis progressiva (General paralysis of the insane) 2. Bipolar affective disorder followed by vascular dementia 3. Hereditary form of frontotemporal dementia 4. Brain tumor 5. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) 6. Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome. Developments in neurology and molecular genetics give new perspectives to the secret of Nietzsche's illness and also there is a consensus on the questioning of the original paralysis progressiva concept. As there was no postmortem, the clinical speculations on the medical problems of the great philosopher remain a challenge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-425
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatria Hungarica : A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság tudományos folyóirata
Volume27
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Paralysis
CADASIL
MELAS Syndrome
Neurosyphilis
Frontotemporal Dementia
Vascular Dementia
Neurology
Mood Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
MEDLINE
Brain Neoplasms
Molecular Biology
Consensus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{3abffe794962485eadabd96585bcde81,
title = "The madness of Dionysus -- six hypotheses on the illness of Nietzsche.",
abstract = "Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) is considered as one of the most influential modern thinkers of the last two centuries. The great philosopher and poet developed a mental illness at the age of 44 and died at the age of 56. Pathological examination was not undertaken. At that time Nietzsche was diagnosed as having atypical paralysis progressiva, however recently five other probable diagnoses appeared in literature. Literature search in MEDLINE and Web of Science on the illness of Nietzsche. Six hypotheses were identified: 1. Paralysis progressiva (General paralysis of the insane) 2. Bipolar affective disorder followed by vascular dementia 3. Hereditary form of frontotemporal dementia 4. Brain tumor 5. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) 6. Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome. Developments in neurology and molecular genetics give new perspectives to the secret of Nietzsche's illness and also there is a consensus on the questioning of the original paralysis progressiva concept. As there was no postmortem, the clinical speculations on the medical problems of the great philosopher remain a challenge.",
author = "T. T{\'e}nyi",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "420--425",
journal = "Psychiatria Hungarica",
issn = "0237-7896",
publisher = "Magyar Pszichiatriai Tarsasag Tudomanyos Folyoirata",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The madness of Dionysus -- six hypotheses on the illness of Nietzsche.

AU - Tényi, T.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) is considered as one of the most influential modern thinkers of the last two centuries. The great philosopher and poet developed a mental illness at the age of 44 and died at the age of 56. Pathological examination was not undertaken. At that time Nietzsche was diagnosed as having atypical paralysis progressiva, however recently five other probable diagnoses appeared in literature. Literature search in MEDLINE and Web of Science on the illness of Nietzsche. Six hypotheses were identified: 1. Paralysis progressiva (General paralysis of the insane) 2. Bipolar affective disorder followed by vascular dementia 3. Hereditary form of frontotemporal dementia 4. Brain tumor 5. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) 6. Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome. Developments in neurology and molecular genetics give new perspectives to the secret of Nietzsche's illness and also there is a consensus on the questioning of the original paralysis progressiva concept. As there was no postmortem, the clinical speculations on the medical problems of the great philosopher remain a challenge.

AB - Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) is considered as one of the most influential modern thinkers of the last two centuries. The great philosopher and poet developed a mental illness at the age of 44 and died at the age of 56. Pathological examination was not undertaken. At that time Nietzsche was diagnosed as having atypical paralysis progressiva, however recently five other probable diagnoses appeared in literature. Literature search in MEDLINE and Web of Science on the illness of Nietzsche. Six hypotheses were identified: 1. Paralysis progressiva (General paralysis of the insane) 2. Bipolar affective disorder followed by vascular dementia 3. Hereditary form of frontotemporal dementia 4. Brain tumor 5. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) 6. Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome. Developments in neurology and molecular genetics give new perspectives to the secret of Nietzsche's illness and also there is a consensus on the questioning of the original paralysis progressiva concept. As there was no postmortem, the clinical speculations on the medical problems of the great philosopher remain a challenge.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877662320&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84877662320&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 23429336

AN - SCOPUS:84877662320

VL - 27

SP - 420

EP - 425

JO - Psychiatria Hungarica

JF - Psychiatria Hungarica

SN - 0237-7896

IS - 6

ER -