The long-term multicenter observational study of dabigatran treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation (RELY-ABLE) study

Stuart J. Connolly, Lars Wallentin, Michael D. Ezekowitz, John Eikelboom, Jonas Oldgren, Paul A. Reilly, Martina Brueckmann, Janice Pogue, Marco Alings, John V. Amerena, Alvaro Avezum, Iris Baumgartner, Andrzej J. Budaj, Jyh Hong Chen, Antonio L. Dans, Harald Darius, Giuseppe Di Pasquale, Jorge Ferreira, Greg C. Flaker, Marcus D. FlatherMaria Grazia Franzosi, Sergey P. Golitsyn, David A. Halon, Hein Heidbuchel, Stefan H. Hohnloser, Kurt Huber, Petr Jansky, Gabriel Kamensky, Matyas Keltai, Sung Soon Kim, Chu Pak Lau, Jean Yves Le Heuzey, Basil S. Lewis, Lisheng Liu, John Nanas, Razali Omar, Prem Pais, Knud E. Pedersen, Leopoldo S. Piegas, Dimitar Raev, Pal J. Smith, Mario Talajic, Ru San Tan, Supachai Tanomsup, Lauri Toivonen, Dragos Vinereanu, Denis Xavier, Jun Zhu, Susan Q. Wang, Christine O. Duffy, Ellison Themeles, Salim Yusuf

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Abstract

BACKGROUND - : During follow-up of between 1 and 3 years in the Randomized Evaluation of Long-term Anticoagulation Therapy (RE-LY) trial, 2 doses of dabigatran etexilate were shown to be effective and safe for the prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation. There is a need for longer-term follow-up of patients on dabigatran and for further data comparing the 2 dabigatran doses. METHODS AND RESULTS - : Patients randomly assigned to dabigatran in RE-LY were eligible for the Long-term Multicenter Extension of Dabigatran Treatment in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (RELY-ABLE) trial if they had not permanently discontinued study medication at the time of their final RE-LY study visit. Enrolled patients continued to receive the double-blind dabigatran dose received in RE-LY, for up to 28 months of follow up after RE-LY (median follow-up, 2.3 years). There were 5851 patients enrolled, representing 48% of patients originally randomly assigned to receive dabigatran in RE-LY and 86% of RELY-ABLE-eligible patients. Rates of stroke or systemic embolism were 1.46% and 1.60%/y on dabigatran 150 and 110 mg twice daily, respectively (hazard ratio, 0.91; 95% confidence interval, 0.69-1.20). Rates of major hemorrhage were 3.74% and 2.99%/y on dabigatran 150 and 110 mg (hazard ratio, 1.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.53). Rates of death were 3.02% and 3.10%/y (hazard ratio, 0.97; 95% confidence interval, 0.80-1.19). Rates of hemorrhagic stroke were 0.13% and 0.14%/y. CONCLUSIONS - : During 2.3 years of continued treatment with dabigatran after RE-LY, there was a higher rate of major bleeding with dabigatran 150 mg twice daily in comparison with 110 mg, and similar rates of stroke and death. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION - : URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00808067.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-243
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume128
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 16 2013

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Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Dabigatran
  • Hemorrhage
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Connolly, S. J., Wallentin, L., Ezekowitz, M. D., Eikelboom, J., Oldgren, J., Reilly, P. A., Brueckmann, M., Pogue, J., Alings, M., Amerena, J. V., Avezum, A., Baumgartner, I., Budaj, A. J., Chen, J. H., Dans, A. L., Darius, H., Di Pasquale, G., Ferreira, J., Flaker, G. C., ... Yusuf, S. (2013). The long-term multicenter observational study of dabigatran treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation (RELY-ABLE) study. Circulation, 128(3), 237-243. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.001139