The latent classes of subclinical ADHD symptoms: Convergences of multiple informant reports

Andrea Kóbor, Ádám Takács, Róbert Urbán, Valéria Csépe

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8 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present study was to conduct latent class analysis on the Hyperactivity scale of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in order to identify distinct subgroups of subclinical ADHD in a multi-informant framework. We hypothesized a similar structure between teachers and parents, and differences in symptom severity across latent classes. Data was collected from a non-referred sample of children aged 8-13 years. We performed latent class analyses on parent (n= 383) and teacher (n= 391) ratings of the Hyperactivity scale items from both versions of the questionnaire. Those children who had ratings from both informants (n= 272) were included in the cross-informant analyses, in which the similar or equivalent classes across raters were determined. A three-class solution for parent report and a five-class solution for teacher report emerged in the subsample of boys. For girls, a three-class structure for parents and a four-class structure for teachers were optimal. Besides non-symptomatic groups, mild and severe combined classes, mild inattentive-impulsive classes, and among boys, a mild hyperactive-impulsive class was obtained. The cross-informant analyses demonstrated that quite similar subgroups were detached regardless of informant; however, the teacher classes were somewhat more elaborated. The results are in line with the previous latent class analytic studies, and support the combination of dimensional and categorical approaches. The importance of milder symptoms and sub-threshold ADHD categories are emphasized for the fields of neuropsychology, neuroscience, and education, as well as for diagnosis and personalized treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1677-1689
Number of pages13
JournalResearch in developmental disabilities
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2012



  • ADHD
  • Latent class analysis
  • Multiple informants
  • Strengths and difficulties questionnaire
  • Sub-threshold groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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