The key-role of vagal nerve and adrenals in the cytoprotection and general gastric mucosal integrity

Gyula Mózsik, Oszkár Karádi, Ágnes Király, András Debreceni, Mária Figler, Lajos Nagy, Alajos Pár, Gabriella Pár, Gábor Süto, Áron Vincze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Our laboratory group observed earlier that the gastric mucosal cytoprotective effect of prostacyclin (PGI2) disappeared after surgical vagotomy in rats. Similarly to this, the beta-carotene induced gastric cytoprotection disappeared in adrenalectomized rats too. Aims: In these studies we aimed to investigate the possible role of vagal nerve and adrenals in the development of gastric mucosal lesions induced by exogenously administered chemicals (ethanol, HCl, NaOH, NaCl and indomethacin), and on the effects of cytoprotective and antisecretory drugs (atropine, cimetidine), and scavengers (vitamin A and β-carotene). Methods: The observations were carried out in fasted CFY strain rats. The gastric mucosal lesions were produced by intragastric (i.g.) administration of narcotising agents (96% ethanol; 0.6 M HCl; 0.2 M NaOH; 25% NaCl) or subcutaneously (s.c.) administered indomethacin (20 mg/kg) in intact, surgically bilaterally vagatomized, and adrenalectomized rats without or with glucocorticoid supplementation (Oradexon, 0.6 mg/kg given i.m. for 1 week). The gastric mucosal protective effect of antisecretory doses of atropine (0.1-0.5-1.0 mg/kg i.g.) and cimetidine (10-25-50 mg/kg i.g.), and vitamin A and β-carotene (0.01-0.1-1.0-10 mg/kg i.g.) was studied. The number and severity of mucosal gastric lesions was numerically or semiquantitatively measured. In other series of observations the gastric acid secretion and mucosal damage were studied in 24 h pylorus-ligated rats without and with acute bilateral surgical vagotomy. Results: It was found that: (1) the chemical-induced gastric mucosal damage was enhanced in vagotomized and adrenalectomized rats, meanwhile the endogenous secretion of gastric acid, and the development of mucosal damage can be prevented by surgical vagotomy; (2) the gastric cyto- and general protection produced by the drugs and scavengers disappeared in vagotomized and adrenalectomized rats; (3) the gastric mucosal protective effects of drugs and of scavengers returned after sufficient glucocorticoid supplementation of the rats. Conclusion: It has been concluded that the intact vagal nerve and adrenals have a key role in the gastric mucosal integrity, and in drugs- and scavengers-induced gastric cyto- and general mucosal protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-237
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physiology Paris
Volume95
Issue number1-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 12 2001

Keywords

  • Adrenalectomy
  • Adrenals
  • Atropine
  • Chemical-induced gastric mucosal damage
  • Cimetidine
  • Gastric cyto- and general protection
  • Glucocorticoid supplementation
  • Surgical vagotomy
  • Vagal nerve
  • Vitamin A
  • β-carotene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)

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