The involvement of the progesterone receptor in PIBF and Gal-1 expression in the mouse endometrium

Biserka Mulac-Jeričević, Sandra Šućurović, Tamara Gulic, Julia Szekeres-Bartho

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Problem: The progesterone-regulated genes, PIBF and Gal-1, are key players in the feto-maternal immunological interaction. This study aims to investigate the expression of PIBF and Gal-1 in WT and progesterone receptor KO models as well as subsequent effects of PIBF on decidualization of stromal cells. Method of the study: PRAKO, PRBKO and PRKO BALB/c mice were used for assessing the role of PR isoforms in PIBF induction. PIBF- and Gal-1 mRNA expression in the uterus was tested by real-time PCR. The effect of PIBF on decidualization of endometrial stromal cells was verified by anti-desmin immunofluorescence. Immunohistochemistry was used for testing PIBF expression in the uterus. Gal-1, ERα and PR positive decidual NK cells were detected by immunofluorescence. Results: PIBF mRNA was significantly increased in progesterone-treated WT mice, but not in PRKO and PRAKO mice. PIBF protein expression was reduced in the endometria of PRKO and PRAKO, but not in PRBKO mice. During a 6-day culture, PIBF induced decidual transformation of endometrial stromal cells. PIBF expression in the mouse uterus was highest during the implantation window, while Gal-1 mRNA expression continuously increased between day 2.5 and day 11.5 of gestation. Decidual NK cells express Gal-1 and ERα, but not PR at day 7.5 murine pregnancy. Conclusion: PIBF produced via engagement of PRA, is highly expressed in the endometrium during the implantation window, and plays a role in decidualization. The concerted action of PIBF and Gal-1 might contribute to the low cytotoxic activity of decidual NK cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13104
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2019



  • Gal-1
  • PIBF
  • decidual NK cells
  • decidualization
  • progesterone receptor isoforms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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