The involvement of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in reported sexual assaults

A systematic review

Zsófia Németh, Bernadette Kun, Z. Demetrovics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the past few years gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has generated widespread media interest as a possible 'date rape drug'. Our goal was to examine the extent to which GHB is associated with drug-facilitated sexual assaults. Literature was searched systematically and 11 studies, published between 1961 and June 30, 2009, were identified dealing specifically with the role of GHB in sexual assaults. GHB was detected in 0.2-4.4% of reported sexual assaults. The results demonstrate that a wide range of drugs may be present in cases of sexual assault, and many of them are much more frequent than GHB. Our results do not support the widespread labelling of GHB as a date rape drug as the prevalence of GHB is much lower than of other substances used in sexual assaults. On the other hand, however, the possible risk of GHB in this regard should not be neglected. Nevertheless, over-sensitive and sensation seeking media reports focusing on the association of sex crime and GHB might be counterproductive and misleading as they turn the attention away from other substances that are often used in sexual assaults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1281-1287
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychopharmacology
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Fingerprint

Sodium Oxybate
Rape
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Crime

Keywords

  • Date rape
  • drug-facilitated sexual assault
  • GHB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The involvement of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in reported sexual assaults : A systematic review. / Németh, Zsófia; Kun, Bernadette; Demetrovics, Z.

In: Journal of Psychopharmacology, Vol. 24, No. 9, 09.2010, p. 1281-1287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{20340b76dd7b47c0a2cdc84dabb7c670,
title = "The involvement of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in reported sexual assaults: A systematic review",
abstract = "Over the past few years gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has generated widespread media interest as a possible 'date rape drug'. Our goal was to examine the extent to which GHB is associated with drug-facilitated sexual assaults. Literature was searched systematically and 11 studies, published between 1961 and June 30, 2009, were identified dealing specifically with the role of GHB in sexual assaults. GHB was detected in 0.2-4.4{\%} of reported sexual assaults. The results demonstrate that a wide range of drugs may be present in cases of sexual assault, and many of them are much more frequent than GHB. Our results do not support the widespread labelling of GHB as a date rape drug as the prevalence of GHB is much lower than of other substances used in sexual assaults. On the other hand, however, the possible risk of GHB in this regard should not be neglected. Nevertheless, over-sensitive and sensation seeking media reports focusing on the association of sex crime and GHB might be counterproductive and misleading as they turn the attention away from other substances that are often used in sexual assaults.",
keywords = "Date rape, drug-facilitated sexual assault, GHB",
author = "Zs{\'o}fia N{\'e}meth and Bernadette Kun and Z. Demetrovics",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1177/0269881110363315",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "1281--1287",
journal = "Journal of Psychopharmacology",
issn = "0269-8811",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The involvement of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in reported sexual assaults

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Németh, Zsófia

AU - Kun, Bernadette

AU - Demetrovics, Z.

PY - 2010/9

Y1 - 2010/9

N2 - Over the past few years gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has generated widespread media interest as a possible 'date rape drug'. Our goal was to examine the extent to which GHB is associated with drug-facilitated sexual assaults. Literature was searched systematically and 11 studies, published between 1961 and June 30, 2009, were identified dealing specifically with the role of GHB in sexual assaults. GHB was detected in 0.2-4.4% of reported sexual assaults. The results demonstrate that a wide range of drugs may be present in cases of sexual assault, and many of them are much more frequent than GHB. Our results do not support the widespread labelling of GHB as a date rape drug as the prevalence of GHB is much lower than of other substances used in sexual assaults. On the other hand, however, the possible risk of GHB in this regard should not be neglected. Nevertheless, over-sensitive and sensation seeking media reports focusing on the association of sex crime and GHB might be counterproductive and misleading as they turn the attention away from other substances that are often used in sexual assaults.

AB - Over the past few years gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has generated widespread media interest as a possible 'date rape drug'. Our goal was to examine the extent to which GHB is associated with drug-facilitated sexual assaults. Literature was searched systematically and 11 studies, published between 1961 and June 30, 2009, were identified dealing specifically with the role of GHB in sexual assaults. GHB was detected in 0.2-4.4% of reported sexual assaults. The results demonstrate that a wide range of drugs may be present in cases of sexual assault, and many of them are much more frequent than GHB. Our results do not support the widespread labelling of GHB as a date rape drug as the prevalence of GHB is much lower than of other substances used in sexual assaults. On the other hand, however, the possible risk of GHB in this regard should not be neglected. Nevertheless, over-sensitive and sensation seeking media reports focusing on the association of sex crime and GHB might be counterproductive and misleading as they turn the attention away from other substances that are often used in sexual assaults.

KW - Date rape

KW - drug-facilitated sexual assault

KW - GHB

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956212247&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77956212247&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0269881110363315

DO - 10.1177/0269881110363315

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1281

EP - 1287

JO - Journal of Psychopharmacology

JF - Journal of Psychopharmacology

SN - 0269-8811

IS - 9

ER -