The investigation of the cellular electrophysiological and antiarrhythmic effects of a novel selective sodium-calcium exchanger inhibitor, GYKB-6635, in canine and guinea-pig hearts

Amir Geramipour, Zsófia Kohajda, Claudia Corici, János Prorok, Z. Szakonyi, Kinga Oravecz, Zoltán Márton, N. Nagy, A. Tóth, K. Acsai, L. Virág, A. Varró, N. Jost

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The sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) is considered as the major transmembrane transport mechanism that controls Ca2+ homeostasis. Its contribution to the cardiac repolarization has not yet been directly studied due to lack of specific inhibitors, so that an urgent need for more selective compounds. In this study, the electrophysiological effects of GYKB-6635, a novel NCX inhibitor, on the NCX, L-type calcium, and main repolarizing potassium currents as well as action potential (AP) parameters were investigated. Ion currents and AP recordings were investigated by applying the whole-cell patch clamp and standard microelectrode techniques in canine heart at 37 °C. Effects of GYKB-6635 were studied in ouabain-induced arrhythmias in isolated guinea-pig hearts. At a concentration of 1 µmol/L, GYKB significantly reduced both the inward and outward NCX currents (57% and 58%, respectively). Even at a high concentration (10 µmol/L), GYKB-6635 did not change the ICaL, the maximum rate of depolarization (dV/dtmax), the main repolarizing K+ currents, and the main AP parameters. GYKB-6635 pre-treatment significantly delayed the time to the development of ventricular fibrillation (by about 18%). It is concluded that GYKB-6635 is a potent and highly selective inhibitor of the cardiac NCX and, in addition, it is suggested to also contribute to the prevention of DAD-based arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1090-1101
Number of pages12
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Apr 12 2016



  • GYKB-6635
  • NCX
  • Ouabain-induced arrhythmias
  • Sodium-calcium exchanger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology (medical)

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