Aims: The aim of this observational study is to investigate the relationship between age, duration of diabetes, HbA1c and the parameters of glucose levels measured with real-time CGM in children with type 1 diabetes. Methods: Glucose level was characterized with the relative time spent in hyper- and hypoglycemia, central tendency, variability and MAGE during (real-time) CGM. These parameters were measured in 57 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The univariate association of the measured parameters was investigated with scatterplots as well as with linear and distance correlation coefficients. Results: Age and duration of diabetes were not clinically relevantly associated with any descriptor of glucose level. HbA1c had an overall positive association with variability and MAGE observed during CGM. Slight, but non-significant, positive association of HbA1c was observed with the time spent in hyperglycemia and the central tendency of glucose level. With the exception of MAGE, the associations of the descriptors with HbA1c are non-monotonic, with a temporary break in the positive correlation at 10%. Conclusions: The results confirmed the well-known positive association of HbA1c with the central tendency of glucose level. The non-monotonic relationship between HbA1c and the indicators of the central tendency of glucose level might be caused by the changed adherence of the patients during the period of CGM. HbA1c's positive association with MAGE without non-monotonicity underlines MAGE's usefulness in the reliable assessment of the patients' glycemic state.
- Continuous glucose monitoring
- Glucose variability
- Hawthorne effect
- Pediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism