The interactive effect of negative reversal learning and age on depression: Possible cognitive mechanisms underlying the elevated depressive symptoms in older adults

Einat Levy-Gigi, S. Kéri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study aimed to test possible cognitive mechanisms that may underlie the elevated depressive symptoms in older adults. One hundred forty-one individuals (ages 32-85) with no evidence of general cognitive impairments were tested on a novel reversal paradigm and underwent clinical interviews to assess levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms. The authors found that oldest-older adults have a selective impairment in reversal learning from negative to positive. This impairment interacted with age to predict levels of depressive symptoms. The results suggest possible cognitive mechanisms that link between impaired ability to reverse negative outcomes and elevated depressive symptoms in older age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-347
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology and Aging
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

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Reversal Learning
Depression
Aptitude
Anxiety
Interviews

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Associative learning
  • Cue and context reversal learning
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Positive and negative outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

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