The most frequent results of trauma to tooth germs are enamel hypoplasia and enamel hypocalcification. These differing results may be due to the stage of amelogenesis at which trauma occurs. The cellular and biomolecullar events involved in the genesis of these defects are poorly understood. We hypothesized that one factor involved is the possibility that relatively high levels of serum albumin enter the enamel matrix through the damaged enamel organ, and impair mineralization of the matrix. The present study was undertaken to immunohistochemically and autoradiographically localize serum albumin in the enamel organs of rat incisors after trauma was inflicted to the mandibular incisor region of 4-day-old rats. Hemorrhage was seen surrounding the enamel organ and between the detached secretory-stage ameloblasts. One day after trauma, the most intense immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for albumin was localized in the outer layer of the enamel matrix adjacent to the detached secretory-stage ameloblasts. Albumin was also detected autoradiographically in the secretory-stage ameloblasts layer and enamel matrix. These findings indicate that serum albumin can leak between the detached ameloblasts and penetrate the enamel matrix after trauma. Leaked albumin was still present in the matrix during the maturation stage. Leaked albumin in the developing enamel could inhibit crystal growth and result in hypocalcification.
- Enamel hypoplasia
- Rat incisor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine