The influence of the interfacial properties of composite catalyst material on the photocatalytic conversion of TiO2 layer silicates

Róbert Kun, Imre Dékány

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Solid-gas and solid-liquid interfacial properties of titanium dioxide/layer silicate composite sorbents were studied by sorption experiments and the photocatalytic properties were also investigated. The photocatalyst TiO2 was prepared by the sol-gel method and the sol obtained was used for heterocoagulation of Namontmorillonite at several different mass ratios, yielding supported photocatalysts of various compositions. The TiO2 content of the samples ranged from 20 to 75 wt%. The specific surface areas of the samples, determined by nitrogen adsorption, ranged from 120 to 290 m2/g. The catalytic properties of TiO2/montmorillonite composites were tested by photo-oxidation of dichloro acetic acid (DCA). The specific surface area and the porosity exert a major influence on the photocatalytic efficiency through the interfacial layer properties. The rate of photo-oxidation of DCA depends strongly on the surface accessibility of the intermediates and the specific surface area calculated from gas and liquid mixture adsorption data. The conversion data of DCA presented show that the photocatalytic efficiency of TiO2 can depend significantly on the accessibility of different molecules to the TiO2 nanocrystals embedded in the layer silicate support in confined space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-40
Number of pages10
JournalPeriodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Confined space
  • Liquid mixtures
  • Photocatalysis
  • Porosity
  • Surface area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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