The influence of refractory ceramic fibres on pulmonary morphology, redox and immune system in rats

Erzsébet Tátrai, Z. Kováčiková, M. Brózik, É Six, M. Csík, J. Tulinska, Ágnes Drahos, Annamária Dám

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Refractory ceramic fibres (RCF) were studied in male SPRD rats by both in vivo long term sequential and in vitro methods. RCF was administered by single intratracheal instillation and the lungs were examined at the end of months 1, 3 and 6 after exposure. In addition, the direct toxicity of the fibres was examined in a primary culture of alveolar macrophages (AM) and in pneumocytes type II (T2). Pulmonary morphological changes, a number of parameters of the redox system, such as activity of extracellular Cu,Zn/superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), total glutathione content of the lungs (GSH) and immunoglobulins in bronchoalveolar lavage (IgA, IgG, IgM) and in the blood were measured. The composition of the original RCF and the elemental content of the lung tissue were compared by energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDXA) before and after exposure. Macrophage alveolitis became confluent and moderate fibrosis developed by the end of month 3, and after 6 months of exposure the intensity decreased to the level of the first month. The RCF did not significantly influence the activity of EC-SOD or the total glutathione content of the lungs. Although aluminium and silicon could be demonstrated by EDXA in the lung tissue at the end of month 3, these elements were no longer detectable by the end of month 6. The RCF decreased IgA significantly in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). The main components of RCF induced pulmonary alterations, whereas no significant change could be detected in EC-SOD and GSH. Injuries caused by direct toxicity could be observed in the cell membranes only at the highest concentration. On the basis of these results RCF can be determined as moderately toxic fibres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-508
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Toxicology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • Alveolar macrophages
  • EC-SOD
  • EDXA
  • GSH
  • Histology
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Lungs
  • Pneumocytes type II
  • Rat
  • Refractory ceramic fibres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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  • Cite this

    Tátrai, E., Kováčiková, Z., Brózik, M., Six, É., Csík, M., Tulinska, J., Drahos, Á., & Dám, A. (2006). The influence of refractory ceramic fibres on pulmonary morphology, redox and immune system in rats. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 26(6), 500-508. https://doi.org/10.1002/jat.1169