The influence of left ventricular ejection fraction on the effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy: MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy)

Valentina Kutyifa, Axel Kloppe, Wojciech Zareba, Scott D. Solomon, Scott McNitt, Slava Polonsky, Alon Barsheshet, Bela Merkely, Bernd Lemke, Vivien Klaudia Nagy, Arthur J. Moss, Ilan Goldenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of left ventricular (LV) lead position on the risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Background: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a surrogate marker of heart failure (HF) status and associated risk. Data on the effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) in patients with mild HF and better LVEF are limited. Methods: In the MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy) study, the echocardiography core laboratory assessed baseline LVEF independent of the enrolling centers and identified a range of LVEFs, including those >30% (i.e., beyond the eligibility criteria). Echocardiographic response with CRT, defined as percent change in left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), was analyzed in 3 prespecified LVEF groups: >30%, 26% to 30%, and ≤25%. The primary endpoint was HF or death. Secondary endpoint included all-cause mortality. Results: LVEF was evaluated in 1,809 study patients. There were 696 (38%) patients with LVEF >30% (in the range of 30.1% to 45.3%); 914 patients (50.5%) with LVEF 26% to 30%; and 199 patients with LVEF ≤25% (11%). The mean reduction in LVEDV with CRT-D therapy at the 1-year follow-up was directly related to increasing LVEF (LVEF >30%: 22.3%; LVEF 26% to 30%: 20.1%; and LVEF ≤25%: 18.7% reduction, respectively [p = 0.001]). CRT-D treatment similarly reduced the risk of HF/death in patients with LVEF >30% (hazard ratio [HR]: = 0.56 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.39 to 0.82], p = 0.003), LVEF 26% to 30% (HR: 0.67: [95% CI: 0.50 to 0.90], p = 0.007), and LVEF ≤25% (HR: 0.57 [95% CI: 0.35 to 0.95], p = 0.03; all p values for LVEF-by-treatment interactions >0.1). Conclusions: In MADIT-CRT, the clinical benefit of CRT was evident regardless of baseline LVEF, including those with LVEF >30%, whereas the echocardiographic response was increased with increasing LVEF, indicating that CRT might benefit patients with better LVEF. (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy [MADIT-CRT]; NCT00180271)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)936-944
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume61
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2 2013

Keywords

  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • heart failure
  • implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • left ventricular ejection fraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of left ventricular ejection fraction on the effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy: MADIT-CRT (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this