Hypertension screening was carried out on 13,772 adults (74% of the eligible population) in conjunction with X-ray screening for tuberculosis in the Hungarian town of Csongrád. In young adults, the blood pressure was found to be higher amongst men, whilst in older subjects the women had higher blood pressures. Systolic hypertension was detected in one-third of the population and diastolic hypertension in one-sixth. Of the hypertensive cases detected, 34% were unaware of their disease. Among others, the effects of alcohol intake on blood pressure were investigated. There were 21.4% of the men and 2.3% of the women who admitted to being regular alcohol consumers. Direct and significant correlations were found between the quantity of alcohol consumed and both the systolic (p<0.001) and diastolic (p<0.05) blood pressures. The prevalence of hypertension (on the basis of the WHO criteria) was higher in heavy (>80 g ethanol/day) drinkers (29.9%) than in abstinent subjects (20.5%; p<0.001). When participants were subdivided according to age groups, only the men provided sufficient data for a statistical analysis. The systolic blood pressure of heavy drinkers was higher than that of non-drinkers (y = 0.664x + 100.2; y = 0.506x + 114.6; p<0.05).
- Alcohol intake
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health