The importance of body composition and dry weight assessments in patients with chronic kidney disease (Review)

Szilveszter Dolgos, A. Hartmann, J. Bollerslev, P. Vörös, L. Rosivall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic volume overload is the major cause of hypertension and other cardiovascular morbidity in dialysis patients. One of the most important goals of physicians who take care of patients with chronic renal failure is to obtain near euvolemia or "dry body weight" in order to maintain or normalize blood pressure and prevent further cardiovascular events. In clinical practice, exact estimation of dry weight in hemodialysis patients remains a major challenge. Alterations in body composition, particularly malnutrition, are common in patients receiving long-term hemodialysis and contribute to a high mortality rate. In contrast, obesity - a known risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality - is prevalent amongst kidney allograft recipients in - long term after renal transplantation. Several technological tools and biochemical markers for estimation of plasma volume and body composition are available for clinical use. Our aim was to highlight the importance of control of body fluid volume and body composition in patients with chronic kidney disease and to describe the different methods available for such measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
JournalActa Physiologica Hungarica
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2011

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Body Composition
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Weights and Measures
Renal Dialysis
Morbidity
Mortality
Plasma Volume
Body Fluids
Malnutrition
Kidney Transplantation
Chronic Kidney Failure
Allografts
Dialysis
Patient Care
Obesity
Biomarkers
Body Weight
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Physicians

Keywords

  • body composition analysis
  • dry weight
  • hemodialysis
  • renal transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

The importance of body composition and dry weight assessments in patients with chronic kidney disease (Review). / Dolgos, Szilveszter; Hartmann, A.; Bollerslev, J.; Vörös, P.; Rosivall, L.

In: Acta Physiologica Hungarica, Vol. 98, No. 2, 01.06.2011, p. 105-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dolgos, Szilveszter ; Hartmann, A. ; Bollerslev, J. ; Vörös, P. ; Rosivall, L. / The importance of body composition and dry weight assessments in patients with chronic kidney disease (Review). In: Acta Physiologica Hungarica. 2011 ; Vol. 98, No. 2. pp. 105-116.
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