The impact of the recession on health care expenditure - How does the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia compare to other OECD countries?

Petra Baji, Márta Péntek, Imre Boncz, Valentin Brodszky, Olga Loblova, Nóra Brodszky, László Gulácsi

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In the past few years, several papers have been published in the international literature on the impact of the economic crisis on health and health care. However, there is limited knowledge on this topic regarding the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. The main aims of this study are to examine the effect of the fi nancial crisis on health care spending in four CEE countries (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia) in comparison with the OECD countries. In this paper we also revised the literature for economic crisis related impact on health and health care system in these countries. OECD data released in 2012 were used to examine the differences in growth rates before and after the fi nancial crisis. We examined the ratio of the average yearly growth rates of health expenditure expressed in USD (PPP) between 2008-2010 and 2000-2008. The classifi cation of the OECD countries regarding "development" and "relative growth" resulted in four clusters. A large diversity of "relative growth" was observed across the countries in austerity conditions, however the changes signifi cantly correlate with the average drop of GDP from 2008 to 2010. To conclude, it is diffi cult to capture visible evidence regarding the impact of the recession on the health and health care systems in the CEE countries due to the absence of the necessary data. For the same reason, governments in this region might have a limited capability to minimize the possible negative effects of the recession on health and health care systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-88
Number of pages16
JournalSociety and Economy
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

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Keywords

  • Austerity
  • Central-Eastern Europe
  • Czech Republic
  • Health
  • Heath care
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Recession
  • Slovakia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Industrial relations
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Strategy and Management

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