The impact of preprints in library and information science: Citations, usage, and social attention

Zhiqi Wang, Wolfgang Glänzel, Yue Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to explore the impact of preprints in scholarly and broader scientific communication. In particular, the following four indicators are used to examine the 550 arXiv and 5782 non-arXiv papers in three major journals in Library & Information Science (LIS): citations from Web of Science Core Collection (WoS), Scopus and Google Scholar, usage counts in WoS, Mendeley readers and Tweets. The results show that arXiv papers have significant citation advantage across WoS, Scopus and Google Scholar in each year. Google Scholar provides statistically significantly larger number of citations and more ‘early citations’ than Scopus and WoS, but does not reflect greater citation advantage for arXiv papers. The impact advantage of arXiv papers can also be observed in Mendeley, but to a much lesser extent in WoS usage counts and in Tweets, indicating that arXiv papers gain broader attention than non-arXiv papers not only from users of the WoS. Mendeley readership as well as the usage counts in WoS have strong correlations with WoS citations, which are much stronger than those of Tweets. We can also conclude that unlike citations, information derived from statistics on users, readers and social media needs further exploration and in the case of social media also proper context analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Proceedings
EditorsGiuseppe Catalano, Cinzia Daraio, Martina Gregori, Henk F. Moed, Giancarlo Ruocco
PublisherInternational Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics
Pages459-470
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9788833811185
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019
Event17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Rome, Italy
Duration: Sep 2 2019Sep 5 2019

Publication series

Name17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Proceedings
Volume1

Conference

Conference17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period9/2/199/5/19

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Modelling and Simulation

Cite this

Wang, Z., Glänzel, W., & Chen, Y. (2019). The impact of preprints in library and information science: Citations, usage, and social attention. In G. Catalano, C. Daraio, M. Gregori, H. F. Moed, & G. Ruocco (Eds.), 17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Proceedings (pp. 459-470). (17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Proceedings; Vol. 1). International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics.