The IDEFICS intervention trial to prevent childhood obesity: Design and study methods

the IDEFICS Intervention Study Group, on behalf of the IDEFICS consortium

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: One of the major research dimensions of the Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study involved the development, implementation and evaluation of a setting-based community-oriented intervention programme for primary prevention of childhood obesity. In this supplement of Obesity Reviews, a compilation of key results of the IDEFICS intervention is packaged in a series of complementary papers. Objective: This paper describes the overall design and methods of the IDEFICS intervention in order to facilitate a comprehensive reading of the supplement. In addition, some 'best practice' examples are described. Results: The IDEFICS intervention trial was conducted to assess whether the IDEFICS intervention prevented obesity in young children aged 2 to 9.9years. The study was a non-randomized, quasi-experimental trial with one intervention matched to one control region in each of eight participating countries. The intervention was designed following the intervention mapping framework, using a socio-ecological theoretical approach. The intervention was designed to address several key obesity-related behaviours in children, parents, schools and community actors; the primary outcome was the prevalence of overweight/obesity according to the IOTF criteria based on body mass index. The aim was to achieve a reduction of overweight/obesity prevalence in the intervention regions. The intervention was delivered in school and community settings over a 2-year period. Data were collected in the intervention and control cohort regions at baseline and 2 years later. Conclusion: This paper offers an introductory framework for a comprehensive reading of this supplement on IDEFICS intervention key results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-15
Number of pages12
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Childhood obesity
  • Europe
  • Evaluation
  • Primary prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

the IDEFICS Intervention Study Group, on behalf of the IDEFICS consortium (2015). The IDEFICS intervention trial to prevent childhood obesity: Design and study methods. Obesity Reviews, 16, 4-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12345