The full-glacial forests of central and southeastern Europe

Katherine J. Willis, Edina Rudner, P. Sümegi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

361 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of trees in central and southern Europe during the last full-glaciation has long been a matter of debate. A low but persistent presence of fossil tree pollen in central and southern European full-glacial paleoecological sequences has been interpreted either as representing long-distance pollen transport from southerly refuges or as representing in situ refugial populations. Here we present macroscopic charcoal results from 31 sequences located throughout Hungary that provide unequivocal evidence for the presence of at least seven different tree types between approximately 32,500 and 16,500 14C yr B.P. This evidence is presented in conjunction with molluscan and pollen analyses to indicate that during the last full-glaciation, trees grew as far north as Hungary, probably in microenvironmentally favorable sites. These areas provided an important cold-stage refugium for the European flora and fauna. (C) 2000 University of Washington.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-213
Number of pages11
JournalQuaternary Research
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2000

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pollen
last glaciation
refugium
charcoal
refuge
flora
fossil
fauna
Europe
South Eastern Europe
Central Europe
Pollen
Hungary
in situ
cold
In Situ
Fauna
Cold
Flora
Charcoal

Keywords

  • Central Europe
  • Charcoal analysis
  • Full-glacial forests
  • Molluscan analysis
  • Paleoecology
  • Pollen analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

The full-glacial forests of central and southeastern Europe. / Willis, Katherine J.; Rudner, Edina; Sümegi, P.

In: Quaternary Research, Vol. 53, No. 2, 03.2000, p. 203-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Willis, Katherine J. ; Rudner, Edina ; Sümegi, P. / The full-glacial forests of central and southeastern Europe. In: Quaternary Research. 2000 ; Vol. 53, No. 2. pp. 203-213.
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