The first report on mushroom green mould disease in Croatia

Lóránt Hatvani, Petra Sabolić, Sándor Kocsubé, László Kredics, Dorina Czifra, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Joško Kaliterna, Dario Ivić, Edyta Dermić, Ivan Kosalec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Green mould disease, caused by Trichoderma species, is a severe problem for mushroom growers worldwide, including Croatia. Trichoderma strains were isolated from green mould-affected Agaricus bisporus (button or common mushroom) compost and Pleurotus ostreatus (oyster mushroom) substrate samples collected from Croatian mushroom farms. The causal agents of green mould disease in the oyster mushroom were T. pleurotum and T. pleuroticola, similar to other countries. At the same time, the pathogen of A. bisporus was exclusively the species T. harzianum, which is different from earlier findings and indicates that the range of mushroom pathogens is widening. The temperature profiles of the isolates and their hosts overlapped, thus no range was found that would allow optimal growth of the mushrooms without mould contamination. Ferulic acid and certain phenolic compounds, such as thymol showed remarkable fungistatic effect on the Trichoderma isolates, but inhibited the host mushrooms as well. However, commercial fungicides prochloraz and carbendazim were effective agents for pest management. This is the first report on green mould disease of cultivated mushrooms in Croatia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-487
Number of pages7
JournalArhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Agaricus bisporus
  • Disease control
  • Pleurotus ostreatus
  • T. harzianum
  • T. pleuroticola
  • Trichoderma pleurotum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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