The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852

Tabetha S. Boyajian, Roi Alonso, Alex Ammerman, David Armstrong, A. Asensio Ramos, K. Barkaoui, Thomas G. Beatty, Z. Benkhaldoun, Paul Benni, Rory O. Bentley, Andrei Berdyugin, Svetlana Berdyugina, Serge Bergeron, Allyson Bieryla, Michaela G. Blain, Alicia Capetillo Blanco, Eva H.L. Bodman, Anne Boucher, Mark Bradley, Stephen M. BrincatThomas G. Brink, John Briol, David J.A. Brown, J. Budaj, A. Burdanov, B. Cale, Miguel Aznar Carbo, R. Castillo Garcia, Wendy J. Clark, Geoffrey C. Clayton, James L. Clem, Phillip H. Coker, Evan M. Cook, Chris M. Copperwheat, J. L. Curtis, R. M. Cutri, B. Cseh, C. H. Cynamon, Alex J. Daniels, James R.A. Davenport, Hans J. Deeg, Roberto De Lorenzo, Thomas De Jaeger, Jean Bruno Desrosiers, John Dolan, D. J. Dowhos, Franky Dubois, R. Durkee, Shawn Dvorak, Lynn Easley, N. Edwards, Tyler G. Ellis, Emery Erdelyi, Steve Ertel, Rafael G. Farfán, J. Farihi, Alexei V. Filippenko, Emma Foxell, Davide Gandolfi, Faustino Garcia, F. Giddens, M. Gillon, Juan Luis González-Carballo, C. González-Fernández, J. I.González Hernández, Keith A. Graham, Kenton A. Greene, J. Gregorio, Na'Ama Hallakoun, Ottó Hanyecz, G. R. Harp, Gregory W. Henry, E. Herrero, Caleb F. Hildbold, D. Hinzel, G. Holgado, Bernadett Ignácz, Ilya Ilyin, Valentin D. Ivanov, E. Jehin, Helen E. Jermak, Steve Johnston, S. Kafka, Csilla Kalup, Emmanuel Kardasis, Shai Kaspi, Grant M. Kennedy, F. Kiefer, C. L. Kielty, Dennis Kessler, H. Kiiskinen, T. L. Killestein, Ronald A. King, V. Kollar, H. Korhonen, C. Kotnik, Réka Könyves-Tóth, Levente Kriskovics, Nathan Krumm, Vadim Krushinsky, E. Kundra, Francois Rene Lachapelle, D. LaCourse, P. Lake, Kristine Lam, Gavin P. Lamb, Dave Lane, Marie Wingyee Lau, Pablo Lewin, Chris Lintott, Carey Lisse, Ludwig Logie, Nicolas Longeard, M. Lopez Villanueva, E. Whit Ludington, A. Mainzer, Lison Malo, Chris Maloney, A. Mann, A. Mantero, Massimo Marengo, Jon Marchant, M. J. Martinez González, Joseph R. Masiero, Jon C. Mauerhan, James McCormac, Aaron McNeely, Huan Y.A. Meng, Mike Miller, Lawrence A. Molnar, J. C. Morales, Brett M. Morris, Matthew W. Muterspaugh, David Nespral, C. R. Nugent, Katherine M. Nugent, A. Odasso, Derek O'Keeffe, A. Oksanen, John M. O'Meara, András Ordasi, Hugh Osborn, John J. Ott, J. R. Parks, Diego Rodriguez Perez, Vance Petriew, R. Pickard, András Pál, P. Plavchan, Don Pollacco, F. Pozo Nunez, F. J. Pozuelos, Steve Rau, Seth Redfield, Howard Relles, Ignasi Ribas, Jon Richards, Joonas L.O. Saario, Emily J. Safron, J. Martin Sallai, Krisztián Sárneczky, Bradley E. Schaefer, Clea F. Schumer, Madison Schwartzendruber, Michael H. Siegel, Andrew P.V. Siemion, Brooke D. Simmons, Joshua D. Simon, S. Simón-Diaz, Michael L. Sitko, Hector Socas-Navarro, A. Sódor, Donn Starkey, Iain A. Steele, Geoff Stone, Klaus G. Strassmeier, R. A. Street, Tricia Sullivan, J. Suomela, J. J. Swift, Gyula M. Szabó, Róbert Szabó, Róbert Szakáts, Tamás Szalai, Angelle M. Tanner, B. Toledo-Padrón, Tamás Tordai, Amaury H.M.J. Triaud, Jake D. Turner, Joseph H. Ulowetz, Marian Urbanik, Siegfried Vanaverbeke, Andrew Vanderburg, Krisztián Vida, Brad P. Vietje, J. Vinkó, K. Von Braun, Elizabeth O. Waagen, Dan Walsh, Christopher A. Watson, R. C. Weir, Klaus Wenzel, C. Westendorp Plaza, Michael W. Williamson, Jason T. Wright, M. C. Wyatt, Weikang Zheng, Gabriella Zsidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a photometric detection of the first brightness dips of the unique variable star KIC 8462852 since the end of the Kepler space mission in 2013 May. Our regular photometric surveillance started in 2015 October, and a sequence of dipping began in 2017 May continuing on through the end of 2017, when the star was no longer visible from Earth. We distinguish four main 1%-2.5% dips, named "Elsie," "Celeste," "Skara Brae," and "Angkor," which persist on timescales from several days to weeks. Our main results so far are as follows: (i) there are no apparent changes of the stellar spectrum or polarization during the dips and (ii) the multiband photometry of the dips shows differential reddening favoring non-gray extinction. Therefore, our data are inconsistent with dip models that invoke optically thick material, but rather they are in-line with predictions for an occulter consisting primarily of ordinary dust, where much of the material must be optically thin with a size scale ≪1 μm, and may also be consistent with models invoking variations intrinsic to the stellar photosphere. Notably, our data do not place constraints on the color of the longer-term "secular" dimming, which may be caused by independent processes, or probe different regimes of a single process.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL8
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume853
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2018

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dip
brightness
stellar spectra
dimming
variable stars
space missions
photosphere
surveillance
dipping
photometry
extinction
dust
color
stars
probes
polarization
predictions
probe
timescale
prediction

Keywords

  • comets: general
  • stars: activity
  • stars: individual (KIC 8462852)
  • stars: peculia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Boyajian, T. S., Alonso, R., Ammerman, A., Armstrong, D., Ramos, A. A., Barkaoui, K., ... Zsidi, G. (2018). The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 853(1), [L8]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aaa405

The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852. / Boyajian, Tabetha S.; Alonso, Roi; Ammerman, Alex; Armstrong, David; Ramos, A. Asensio; Barkaoui, K.; Beatty, Thomas G.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Benni, Paul; Bentley, Rory O.; Berdyugin, Andrei; Berdyugina, Svetlana; Bergeron, Serge; Bieryla, Allyson; Blain, Michaela G.; Blanco, Alicia Capetillo; Bodman, Eva H.L.; Boucher, Anne; Bradley, Mark; Brincat, Stephen M.; Brink, Thomas G.; Briol, John; Brown, David J.A.; Budaj, J.; Burdanov, A.; Cale, B.; Carbo, Miguel Aznar; Garcia, R. Castillo; Clark, Wendy J.; Clayton, Geoffrey C.; Clem, James L.; Coker, Phillip H.; Cook, Evan M.; Copperwheat, Chris M.; Curtis, J. L.; Cutri, R. M.; Cseh, B.; Cynamon, C. H.; Daniels, Alex J.; Davenport, James R.A.; Deeg, Hans J.; Lorenzo, Roberto De; Jaeger, Thomas De; Desrosiers, Jean Bruno; Dolan, John; Dowhos, D. J.; Dubois, Franky; Durkee, R.; Dvorak, Shawn; Easley, Lynn; Edwards, N.; Ellis, Tyler G.; Erdelyi, Emery; Ertel, Steve; Farfán, Rafael G.; Farihi, J.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Foxell, Emma; Gandolfi, Davide; Garcia, Faustino; Giddens, F.; Gillon, M.; González-Carballo, Juan Luis; González-Fernández, C.; Hernández, J. I.González; Graham, Keith A.; Greene, Kenton A.; Gregorio, J.; Hallakoun, Na'Ama; Hanyecz, Ottó; Harp, G. R.; Henry, Gregory W.; Herrero, E.; Hildbold, Caleb F.; Hinzel, D.; Holgado, G.; Ignácz, Bernadett; Ilyin, Ilya; Ivanov, Valentin D.; Jehin, E.; Jermak, Helen E.; Johnston, Steve; Kafka, S.; Kalup, Csilla; Kardasis, Emmanuel; Kaspi, Shai; Kennedy, Grant M.; Kiefer, F.; Kielty, C. L.; Kessler, Dennis; Kiiskinen, H.; Killestein, T. L.; King, Ronald A.; Kollar, V.; Korhonen, H.; Kotnik, C.; Könyves-Tóth, Réka; Kriskovics, Levente; Krumm, Nathan; Krushinsky, Vadim; Kundra, E.; Lachapelle, Francois Rene; LaCourse, D.; Lake, P.; Lam, Kristine; Lamb, Gavin P.; Lane, Dave; Lau, Marie Wingyee; Lewin, Pablo; Lintott, Chris; Lisse, Carey; Logie, Ludwig; Longeard, Nicolas; Villanueva, M. Lopez; Ludington, E. Whit; Mainzer, A.; Malo, Lison; Maloney, Chris; Mann, A.; Mantero, A.; Marengo, Massimo; Marchant, Jon; Martinez González, M. J.; Masiero, Joseph R.; Mauerhan, Jon C.; McCormac, James; McNeely, Aaron; Meng, Huan Y.A.; Miller, Mike; Molnar, Lawrence A.; Morales, J. C.; Morris, Brett M.; Muterspaugh, Matthew W.; Nespral, David; Nugent, C. R.; Nugent, Katherine M.; Odasso, A.; O'Keeffe, Derek; Oksanen, A.; O'Meara, John M.; Ordasi, András; Osborn, Hugh; Ott, John J.; Parks, J. R.; Perez, Diego Rodriguez; Petriew, Vance; Pickard, R.; Pál, András; Plavchan, P.; Pollacco, Don; Nunez, F. Pozo; Pozuelos, F. J.; Rau, Steve; Redfield, Seth; Relles, Howard; Ribas, Ignasi; Richards, Jon; Saario, Joonas L.O.; Safron, Emily J.; Sallai, J. Martin; Sárneczky, Krisztián; Schaefer, Bradley E.; Schumer, Clea F.; Schwartzendruber, Madison; Siegel, Michael H.; Siemion, Andrew P.V.; Simmons, Brooke D.; Simon, Joshua D.; Simón-Diaz, S.; Sitko, Michael L.; Socas-Navarro, Hector; Sódor, A.; Starkey, Donn; Steele, Iain A.; Stone, Geoff; Strassmeier, Klaus G.; Street, R. A.; Sullivan, Tricia; Suomela, J.; Swift, J. J.; Szabó, Gyula M.; Szabó, Róbert; Szakáts, Róbert; Szalai, Tamás; Tanner, Angelle M.; Toledo-Padrón, B.; Tordai, Tamás; Triaud, Amaury H.M.J.; Turner, Jake D.; Ulowetz, Joseph H.; Urbanik, Marian; Vanaverbeke, Siegfried; Vanderburg, Andrew; Vida, Krisztián; Vietje, Brad P.; Vinkó, J.; Braun, K. Von; Waagen, Elizabeth O.; Walsh, Dan; Watson, Christopher A.; Weir, R. C.; Wenzel, Klaus; Plaza, C. Westendorp; Williamson, Michael W.; Wright, Jason T.; Wyatt, M. C.; Zheng, Weikang; Zsidi, Gabriella.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 853, No. 1, L8, 20.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Boyajian, TS, Alonso, R, Ammerman, A, Armstrong, D, Ramos, AA, Barkaoui, K, Beatty, TG, Benkhaldoun, Z, Benni, P, Bentley, RO, Berdyugin, A, Berdyugina, S, Bergeron, S, Bieryla, A, Blain, MG, Blanco, AC, Bodman, EHL, Boucher, A, Bradley, M, Brincat, SM, Brink, TG, Briol, J, Brown, DJA, Budaj, J, Burdanov, A, Cale, B, Carbo, MA, Garcia, RC, Clark, WJ, Clayton, GC, Clem, JL, Coker, PH, Cook, EM, Copperwheat, CM, Curtis, JL, Cutri, RM, Cseh, B, Cynamon, CH, Daniels, AJ, Davenport, JRA, Deeg, HJ, Lorenzo, RD, Jaeger, TD, Desrosiers, JB, Dolan, J, Dowhos, DJ, Dubois, F, Durkee, R, Dvorak, S, Easley, L, Edwards, N, Ellis, TG, Erdelyi, E, Ertel, S, Farfán, RG, Farihi, J, Filippenko, AV, Foxell, E, Gandolfi, D, Garcia, F, Giddens, F, Gillon, M, González-Carballo, JL, González-Fernández, C, Hernández, JIG, Graham, KA, Greene, KA, Gregorio, J, Hallakoun, NA, Hanyecz, O, Harp, GR, Henry, GW, Herrero, E, Hildbold, CF, Hinzel, D, Holgado, G, Ignácz, B, Ilyin, I, Ivanov, VD, Jehin, E, Jermak, HE, Johnston, S, Kafka, S, Kalup, C, Kardasis, E, Kaspi, S, Kennedy, GM, Kiefer, F, Kielty, CL, Kessler, D, Kiiskinen, H, Killestein, TL, King, RA, Kollar, V, Korhonen, H, Kotnik, C, Könyves-Tóth, R, Kriskovics, L, Krumm, N, Krushinsky, V, Kundra, E, Lachapelle, FR, LaCourse, D, Lake, P, Lam, K, Lamb, GP, Lane, D, Lau, MW, Lewin, P, Lintott, C, Lisse, C, Logie, L, Longeard, N, Villanueva, ML, Ludington, EW, Mainzer, A, Malo, L, Maloney, C, Mann, A, Mantero, A, Marengo, M, Marchant, J, Martinez González, MJ, Masiero, JR, Mauerhan, JC, McCormac, J, McNeely, A, Meng, HYA, Miller, M, Molnar, LA, Morales, JC, Morris, BM, Muterspaugh, MW, Nespral, D, Nugent, CR, Nugent, KM, Odasso, A, O'Keeffe, D, Oksanen, A, O'Meara, JM, Ordasi, A, Osborn, H, Ott, JJ, Parks, JR, Perez, DR, Petriew, V, Pickard, R, Pál, A, Plavchan, P, Pollacco, D, Nunez, FP, Pozuelos, FJ, Rau, S, Redfield, S, Relles, H, Ribas, I, Richards, J, Saario, JLO, Safron, EJ, Sallai, JM, Sárneczky, K, Schaefer, BE, Schumer, CF, Schwartzendruber, M, Siegel, MH, Siemion, APV, Simmons, BD, Simon, JD, Simón-Diaz, S, Sitko, ML, Socas-Navarro, H, Sódor, A, Starkey, D, Steele, IA, Stone, G, Strassmeier, KG, Street, RA, Sullivan, T, Suomela, J, Swift, JJ, Szabó, GM, Szabó, R, Szakáts, R, Szalai, T, Tanner, AM, Toledo-Padrón, B, Tordai, T, Triaud, AHMJ, Turner, JD, Ulowetz, JH, Urbanik, M, Vanaverbeke, S, Vanderburg, A, Vida, K, Vietje, BP, Vinkó, J, Braun, KV, Waagen, EO, Walsh, D, Watson, CA, Weir, RC, Wenzel, K, Plaza, CW, Williamson, MW, Wright, JT, Wyatt, MC, Zheng, W & Zsidi, G 2018, 'The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 853, no. 1, L8. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aaa405
Boyajian TS, Alonso R, Ammerman A, Armstrong D, Ramos AA, Barkaoui K et al. The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2018 Jan 20;853(1). L8. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aaa405
Boyajian, Tabetha S. ; Alonso, Roi ; Ammerman, Alex ; Armstrong, David ; Ramos, A. Asensio ; Barkaoui, K. ; Beatty, Thomas G. ; Benkhaldoun, Z. ; Benni, Paul ; Bentley, Rory O. ; Berdyugin, Andrei ; Berdyugina, Svetlana ; Bergeron, Serge ; Bieryla, Allyson ; Blain, Michaela G. ; Blanco, Alicia Capetillo ; Bodman, Eva H.L. ; Boucher, Anne ; Bradley, Mark ; Brincat, Stephen M. ; Brink, Thomas G. ; Briol, John ; Brown, David J.A. ; Budaj, J. ; Burdanov, A. ; Cale, B. ; Carbo, Miguel Aznar ; Garcia, R. Castillo ; Clark, Wendy J. ; Clayton, Geoffrey C. ; Clem, James L. ; Coker, Phillip H. ; Cook, Evan M. ; Copperwheat, Chris M. ; Curtis, J. L. ; Cutri, R. M. ; Cseh, B. ; Cynamon, C. H. ; Daniels, Alex J. ; Davenport, James R.A. ; Deeg, Hans J. ; Lorenzo, Roberto De ; Jaeger, Thomas De ; Desrosiers, Jean Bruno ; Dolan, John ; Dowhos, D. J. ; Dubois, Franky ; Durkee, R. ; Dvorak, Shawn ; Easley, Lynn ; Edwards, N. ; Ellis, Tyler G. ; Erdelyi, Emery ; Ertel, Steve ; Farfán, Rafael G. ; Farihi, J. ; Filippenko, Alexei V. ; Foxell, Emma ; Gandolfi, Davide ; Garcia, Faustino ; Giddens, F. ; Gillon, M. ; González-Carballo, Juan Luis ; González-Fernández, C. ; Hernández, J. I.González ; Graham, Keith A. ; Greene, Kenton A. ; Gregorio, J. ; Hallakoun, Na'Ama ; Hanyecz, Ottó ; Harp, G. R. ; Henry, Gregory W. ; Herrero, E. ; Hildbold, Caleb F. ; Hinzel, D. ; Holgado, G. ; Ignácz, Bernadett ; Ilyin, Ilya ; Ivanov, Valentin D. ; Jehin, E. ; Jermak, Helen E. ; Johnston, Steve ; Kafka, S. ; Kalup, Csilla ; Kardasis, Emmanuel ; Kaspi, Shai ; Kennedy, Grant M. ; Kiefer, F. ; Kielty, C. L. ; Kessler, Dennis ; Kiiskinen, H. ; Killestein, T. L. ; King, Ronald A. ; Kollar, V. ; Korhonen, H. ; Kotnik, C. ; Könyves-Tóth, Réka ; Kriskovics, Levente ; Krumm, Nathan ; Krushinsky, Vadim ; Kundra, E. ; Lachapelle, Francois Rene ; LaCourse, D. ; Lake, P. ; Lam, Kristine ; Lamb, Gavin P. ; Lane, Dave ; Lau, Marie Wingyee ; Lewin, Pablo ; Lintott, Chris ; Lisse, Carey ; Logie, Ludwig ; Longeard, Nicolas ; Villanueva, M. Lopez ; Ludington, E. Whit ; Mainzer, A. ; Malo, Lison ; Maloney, Chris ; Mann, A. ; Mantero, A. ; Marengo, Massimo ; Marchant, Jon ; Martinez González, M. J. ; Masiero, Joseph R. ; Mauerhan, Jon C. ; McCormac, James ; McNeely, Aaron ; Meng, Huan Y.A. ; Miller, Mike ; Molnar, Lawrence A. ; Morales, J. C. ; Morris, Brett M. ; Muterspaugh, Matthew W. ; Nespral, David ; Nugent, C. R. ; Nugent, Katherine M. ; Odasso, A. ; O'Keeffe, Derek ; Oksanen, A. ; O'Meara, John M. ; Ordasi, András ; Osborn, Hugh ; Ott, John J. ; Parks, J. R. ; Perez, Diego Rodriguez ; Petriew, Vance ; Pickard, R. ; Pál, András ; Plavchan, P. ; Pollacco, Don ; Nunez, F. Pozo ; Pozuelos, F. J. ; Rau, Steve ; Redfield, Seth ; Relles, Howard ; Ribas, Ignasi ; Richards, Jon ; Saario, Joonas L.O. ; Safron, Emily J. ; Sallai, J. Martin ; Sárneczky, Krisztián ; Schaefer, Bradley E. ; Schumer, Clea F. ; Schwartzendruber, Madison ; Siegel, Michael H. ; Siemion, Andrew P.V. ; Simmons, Brooke D. ; Simon, Joshua D. ; Simón-Diaz, S. ; Sitko, Michael L. ; Socas-Navarro, Hector ; Sódor, A. ; Starkey, Donn ; Steele, Iain A. ; Stone, Geoff ; Strassmeier, Klaus G. ; Street, R. A. ; Sullivan, Tricia ; Suomela, J. ; Swift, J. J. ; Szabó, Gyula M. ; Szabó, Róbert ; Szakáts, Róbert ; Szalai, Tamás ; Tanner, Angelle M. ; Toledo-Padrón, B. ; Tordai, Tamás ; Triaud, Amaury H.M.J. ; Turner, Jake D. ; Ulowetz, Joseph H. ; Urbanik, Marian ; Vanaverbeke, Siegfried ; Vanderburg, Andrew ; Vida, Krisztián ; Vietje, Brad P. ; Vinkó, J. ; Braun, K. Von ; Waagen, Elizabeth O. ; Walsh, Dan ; Watson, Christopher A. ; Weir, R. C. ; Wenzel, Klaus ; Plaza, C. Westendorp ; Williamson, Michael W. ; Wright, Jason T. ; Wyatt, M. C. ; Zheng, Weikang ; Zsidi, Gabriella. / The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2018 ; Vol. 853, No. 1.
@article{49f8039196eb492580b057d1e0bc8da1,
title = "The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852",
abstract = "We present a photometric detection of the first brightness dips of the unique variable star KIC 8462852 since the end of the Kepler space mission in 2013 May. Our regular photometric surveillance started in 2015 October, and a sequence of dipping began in 2017 May continuing on through the end of 2017, when the star was no longer visible from Earth. We distinguish four main 1{\%}-2.5{\%} dips, named {"}Elsie,{"} {"}Celeste,{"} {"}Skara Brae,{"} and {"}Angkor,{"} which persist on timescales from several days to weeks. Our main results so far are as follows: (i) there are no apparent changes of the stellar spectrum or polarization during the dips and (ii) the multiband photometry of the dips shows differential reddening favoring non-gray extinction. Therefore, our data are inconsistent with dip models that invoke optically thick material, but rather they are in-line with predictions for an occulter consisting primarily of ordinary dust, where much of the material must be optically thin with a size scale ≪1 μm, and may also be consistent with models invoking variations intrinsic to the stellar photosphere. Notably, our data do not place constraints on the color of the longer-term {"}secular{"} dimming, which may be caused by independent processes, or probe different regimes of a single process.",
keywords = "comets: general, stars: activity, stars: individual (KIC 8462852), stars: peculia",
author = "Boyajian, {Tabetha S.} and Roi Alonso and Alex Ammerman and David Armstrong and Ramos, {A. Asensio} and K. Barkaoui and Beatty, {Thomas G.} and Z. Benkhaldoun and Paul Benni and Bentley, {Rory O.} and Andrei Berdyugin and Svetlana Berdyugina and Serge Bergeron and Allyson Bieryla and Blain, {Michaela G.} and Blanco, {Alicia Capetillo} and Bodman, {Eva H.L.} and Anne Boucher and Mark Bradley and Brincat, {Stephen M.} and Brink, {Thomas G.} and John Briol and Brown, {David J.A.} and J. Budaj and A. Burdanov and B. Cale and Carbo, {Miguel Aznar} and Garcia, {R. Castillo} and Clark, {Wendy J.} and Clayton, {Geoffrey C.} and Clem, {James L.} and Coker, {Phillip H.} and Cook, {Evan M.} and Copperwheat, {Chris M.} and Curtis, {J. L.} and Cutri, {R. M.} and B. Cseh and Cynamon, {C. H.} and Daniels, {Alex J.} and Davenport, {James R.A.} and Deeg, {Hans J.} and Lorenzo, {Roberto De} and Jaeger, {Thomas De} and Desrosiers, {Jean Bruno} and John Dolan and Dowhos, {D. J.} and Franky Dubois and R. Durkee and Shawn Dvorak and Lynn Easley and N. Edwards and Ellis, {Tyler G.} and Emery Erdelyi and Steve Ertel and Farf{\'a}n, {Rafael G.} and J. Farihi and Filippenko, {Alexei V.} and Emma Foxell and Davide Gandolfi and Faustino Garcia and F. Giddens and M. Gillon and Gonz{\'a}lez-Carballo, {Juan Luis} and C. Gonz{\'a}lez-Fern{\'a}ndez and Hern{\'a}ndez, {J. I.Gonz{\'a}lez} and Graham, {Keith A.} and Greene, {Kenton A.} and J. Gregorio and Na'Ama Hallakoun and Ott{\'o} Hanyecz and Harp, {G. R.} and Henry, {Gregory W.} and E. Herrero and Hildbold, {Caleb F.} and D. Hinzel and G. Holgado and Bernadett Ign{\'a}cz and Ilya Ilyin and Ivanov, {Valentin D.} and E. Jehin and Jermak, {Helen E.} and Steve Johnston and S. Kafka and Csilla Kalup and Emmanuel Kardasis and Shai Kaspi and Kennedy, {Grant M.} and F. Kiefer and Kielty, {C. L.} and Dennis Kessler and H. Kiiskinen and Killestein, {T. L.} and King, {Ronald A.} and V. Kollar and H. Korhonen and C. Kotnik and R{\'e}ka K{\"o}nyves-T{\'o}th and Levente Kriskovics and Nathan Krumm and Vadim Krushinsky and E. Kundra and Lachapelle, {Francois Rene} and D. LaCourse and P. Lake and Kristine Lam and Lamb, {Gavin P.} and Dave Lane and Lau, {Marie Wingyee} and Pablo Lewin and Chris Lintott and Carey Lisse and Ludwig Logie and Nicolas Longeard and Villanueva, {M. Lopez} and Ludington, {E. Whit} and A. Mainzer and Lison Malo and Chris Maloney and A. Mann and A. Mantero and Massimo Marengo and Jon Marchant and {Martinez Gonz{\'a}lez}, {M. J.} and Masiero, {Joseph R.} and Mauerhan, {Jon C.} and James McCormac and Aaron McNeely and Meng, {Huan Y.A.} and Mike Miller and Molnar, {Lawrence A.} and Morales, {J. C.} and Morris, {Brett M.} and Muterspaugh, {Matthew W.} and David Nespral and Nugent, {C. R.} and Nugent, {Katherine M.} and A. Odasso and Derek O'Keeffe and A. Oksanen and O'Meara, {John M.} and Andr{\'a}s Ordasi and Hugh Osborn and Ott, {John J.} and Parks, {J. R.} and Perez, {Diego Rodriguez} and Vance Petriew and R. Pickard and Andr{\'a}s P{\'a}l and P. Plavchan and Don Pollacco and Nunez, {F. Pozo} and Pozuelos, {F. J.} and Steve Rau and Seth Redfield and Howard Relles and Ignasi Ribas and Jon Richards and Saario, {Joonas L.O.} and Safron, {Emily J.} and Sallai, {J. Martin} and Kriszti{\'a}n S{\'a}rneczky and Schaefer, {Bradley E.} and Schumer, {Clea F.} and Madison Schwartzendruber and Siegel, {Michael H.} and Siemion, {Andrew P.V.} and Simmons, {Brooke D.} and Simon, {Joshua D.} and S. Sim{\'o}n-Diaz and Sitko, {Michael L.} and Hector Socas-Navarro and A. S{\'o}dor and Donn Starkey and Steele, {Iain A.} and Geoff Stone and Strassmeier, {Klaus G.} and Street, {R. A.} and Tricia Sullivan and J. Suomela and Swift, {J. J.} and Szab{\'o}, {Gyula M.} and R{\'o}bert Szab{\'o} and R{\'o}bert Szak{\'a}ts and Tam{\'a}s Szalai and Tanner, {Angelle M.} and B. Toledo-Padr{\'o}n and Tam{\'a}s Tordai and Triaud, {Amaury H.M.J.} and Turner, {Jake D.} and Ulowetz, {Joseph H.} and Marian Urbanik and Siegfried Vanaverbeke and Andrew Vanderburg and Kriszti{\'a}n Vida and Vietje, {Brad P.} and J. Vink{\'o} and Braun, {K. Von} and Waagen, {Elizabeth O.} and Dan Walsh and Watson, {Christopher A.} and Weir, {R. C.} and Klaus Wenzel and Plaza, {C. Westendorp} and Williamson, {Michael W.} and Wright, {Jason T.} and Wyatt, {M. C.} and Weikang Zheng and Gabriella Zsidi",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "20",
doi = "10.3847/2041-8213/aaa405",
language = "English",
volume = "853",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal Letters",
issn = "2041-8205",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
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}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The First Post-Kepler Brightness Dips of KIC 8462852

AU - Boyajian, Tabetha S.

AU - Alonso, Roi

AU - Ammerman, Alex

AU - Armstrong, David

AU - Ramos, A. Asensio

AU - Barkaoui, K.

AU - Beatty, Thomas G.

AU - Benkhaldoun, Z.

AU - Benni, Paul

AU - Bentley, Rory O.

AU - Berdyugin, Andrei

AU - Berdyugina, Svetlana

AU - Bergeron, Serge

AU - Bieryla, Allyson

AU - Blain, Michaela G.

AU - Blanco, Alicia Capetillo

AU - Bodman, Eva H.L.

AU - Boucher, Anne

AU - Bradley, Mark

AU - Brincat, Stephen M.

AU - Brink, Thomas G.

AU - Briol, John

AU - Brown, David J.A.

AU - Budaj, J.

AU - Burdanov, A.

AU - Cale, B.

AU - Carbo, Miguel Aznar

AU - Garcia, R. Castillo

AU - Clark, Wendy J.

AU - Clayton, Geoffrey C.

AU - Clem, James L.

AU - Coker, Phillip H.

AU - Cook, Evan M.

AU - Copperwheat, Chris M.

AU - Curtis, J. L.

AU - Cutri, R. M.

AU - Cseh, B.

AU - Cynamon, C. H.

AU - Daniels, Alex J.

AU - Davenport, James R.A.

AU - Deeg, Hans J.

AU - Lorenzo, Roberto De

AU - Jaeger, Thomas De

AU - Desrosiers, Jean Bruno

AU - Dolan, John

AU - Dowhos, D. J.

AU - Dubois, Franky

AU - Durkee, R.

AU - Dvorak, Shawn

AU - Easley, Lynn

AU - Edwards, N.

AU - Ellis, Tyler G.

AU - Erdelyi, Emery

AU - Ertel, Steve

AU - Farfán, Rafael G.

AU - Farihi, J.

AU - Filippenko, Alexei V.

AU - Foxell, Emma

AU - Gandolfi, Davide

AU - Garcia, Faustino

AU - Giddens, F.

AU - Gillon, M.

AU - González-Carballo, Juan Luis

AU - González-Fernández, C.

AU - Hernández, J. I.González

AU - Graham, Keith A.

AU - Greene, Kenton A.

AU - Gregorio, J.

AU - Hallakoun, Na'Ama

AU - Hanyecz, Ottó

AU - Harp, G. R.

AU - Henry, Gregory W.

AU - Herrero, E.

AU - Hildbold, Caleb F.

AU - Hinzel, D.

AU - Holgado, G.

AU - Ignácz, Bernadett

AU - Ilyin, Ilya

AU - Ivanov, Valentin D.

AU - Jehin, E.

AU - Jermak, Helen E.

AU - Johnston, Steve

AU - Kafka, S.

AU - Kalup, Csilla

AU - Kardasis, Emmanuel

AU - Kaspi, Shai

AU - Kennedy, Grant M.

AU - Kiefer, F.

AU - Kielty, C. L.

AU - Kessler, Dennis

AU - Kiiskinen, H.

AU - Killestein, T. L.

AU - King, Ronald A.

AU - Kollar, V.

AU - Korhonen, H.

AU - Kotnik, C.

AU - Könyves-Tóth, Réka

AU - Kriskovics, Levente

AU - Krumm, Nathan

AU - Krushinsky, Vadim

AU - Kundra, E.

AU - Lachapelle, Francois Rene

AU - LaCourse, D.

AU - Lake, P.

AU - Lam, Kristine

AU - Lamb, Gavin P.

AU - Lane, Dave

AU - Lau, Marie Wingyee

AU - Lewin, Pablo

AU - Lintott, Chris

AU - Lisse, Carey

AU - Logie, Ludwig

AU - Longeard, Nicolas

AU - Villanueva, M. Lopez

AU - Ludington, E. Whit

AU - Mainzer, A.

AU - Malo, Lison

AU - Maloney, Chris

AU - Mann, A.

AU - Mantero, A.

AU - Marengo, Massimo

AU - Marchant, Jon

AU - Martinez González, M. J.

AU - Masiero, Joseph R.

AU - Mauerhan, Jon C.

AU - McCormac, James

AU - McNeely, Aaron

AU - Meng, Huan Y.A.

AU - Miller, Mike

AU - Molnar, Lawrence A.

AU - Morales, J. C.

AU - Morris, Brett M.

AU - Muterspaugh, Matthew W.

AU - Nespral, David

AU - Nugent, C. R.

AU - Nugent, Katherine M.

AU - Odasso, A.

AU - O'Keeffe, Derek

AU - Oksanen, A.

AU - O'Meara, John M.

AU - Ordasi, András

AU - Osborn, Hugh

AU - Ott, John J.

AU - Parks, J. R.

AU - Perez, Diego Rodriguez

AU - Petriew, Vance

AU - Pickard, R.

AU - Pál, András

AU - Plavchan, P.

AU - Pollacco, Don

AU - Nunez, F. Pozo

AU - Pozuelos, F. J.

AU - Rau, Steve

AU - Redfield, Seth

AU - Relles, Howard

AU - Ribas, Ignasi

AU - Richards, Jon

AU - Saario, Joonas L.O.

AU - Safron, Emily J.

AU - Sallai, J. Martin

AU - Sárneczky, Krisztián

AU - Schaefer, Bradley E.

AU - Schumer, Clea F.

AU - Schwartzendruber, Madison

AU - Siegel, Michael H.

AU - Siemion, Andrew P.V.

AU - Simmons, Brooke D.

AU - Simon, Joshua D.

AU - Simón-Diaz, S.

AU - Sitko, Michael L.

AU - Socas-Navarro, Hector

AU - Sódor, A.

AU - Starkey, Donn

AU - Steele, Iain A.

AU - Stone, Geoff

AU - Strassmeier, Klaus G.

AU - Street, R. A.

AU - Sullivan, Tricia

AU - Suomela, J.

AU - Swift, J. J.

AU - Szabó, Gyula M.

AU - Szabó, Róbert

AU - Szakáts, Róbert

AU - Szalai, Tamás

AU - Tanner, Angelle M.

AU - Toledo-Padrón, B.

AU - Tordai, Tamás

AU - Triaud, Amaury H.M.J.

AU - Turner, Jake D.

AU - Ulowetz, Joseph H.

AU - Urbanik, Marian

AU - Vanaverbeke, Siegfried

AU - Vanderburg, Andrew

AU - Vida, Krisztián

AU - Vietje, Brad P.

AU - Vinkó, J.

AU - Braun, K. Von

AU - Waagen, Elizabeth O.

AU - Walsh, Dan

AU - Watson, Christopher A.

AU - Weir, R. C.

AU - Wenzel, Klaus

AU - Plaza, C. Westendorp

AU - Williamson, Michael W.

AU - Wright, Jason T.

AU - Wyatt, M. C.

AU - Zheng, Weikang

AU - Zsidi, Gabriella

PY - 2018/1/20

Y1 - 2018/1/20

N2 - We present a photometric detection of the first brightness dips of the unique variable star KIC 8462852 since the end of the Kepler space mission in 2013 May. Our regular photometric surveillance started in 2015 October, and a sequence of dipping began in 2017 May continuing on through the end of 2017, when the star was no longer visible from Earth. We distinguish four main 1%-2.5% dips, named "Elsie," "Celeste," "Skara Brae," and "Angkor," which persist on timescales from several days to weeks. Our main results so far are as follows: (i) there are no apparent changes of the stellar spectrum or polarization during the dips and (ii) the multiband photometry of the dips shows differential reddening favoring non-gray extinction. Therefore, our data are inconsistent with dip models that invoke optically thick material, but rather they are in-line with predictions for an occulter consisting primarily of ordinary dust, where much of the material must be optically thin with a size scale ≪1 μm, and may also be consistent with models invoking variations intrinsic to the stellar photosphere. Notably, our data do not place constraints on the color of the longer-term "secular" dimming, which may be caused by independent processes, or probe different regimes of a single process.

AB - We present a photometric detection of the first brightness dips of the unique variable star KIC 8462852 since the end of the Kepler space mission in 2013 May. Our regular photometric surveillance started in 2015 October, and a sequence of dipping began in 2017 May continuing on through the end of 2017, when the star was no longer visible from Earth. We distinguish four main 1%-2.5% dips, named "Elsie," "Celeste," "Skara Brae," and "Angkor," which persist on timescales from several days to weeks. Our main results so far are as follows: (i) there are no apparent changes of the stellar spectrum or polarization during the dips and (ii) the multiband photometry of the dips shows differential reddening favoring non-gray extinction. Therefore, our data are inconsistent with dip models that invoke optically thick material, but rather they are in-line with predictions for an occulter consisting primarily of ordinary dust, where much of the material must be optically thin with a size scale ≪1 μm, and may also be consistent with models invoking variations intrinsic to the stellar photosphere. Notably, our data do not place constraints on the color of the longer-term "secular" dimming, which may be caused by independent processes, or probe different regimes of a single process.

KW - comets: general

KW - stars: activity

KW - stars: individual (KIC 8462852)

KW - stars: peculia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041223676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041223676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3847/2041-8213/aaa405

DO - 10.3847/2041-8213/aaa405

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85041223676

VL - 853

JO - Astrophysical Journal Letters

JF - Astrophysical Journal Letters

SN - 2041-8205

IS - 1

M1 - L8

ER -