Infection caused by Echinococcus multilocularis is a rare helminthiasis, human cases have not been diagnosed in Hungary until now. The endemic region is Central Europe; the occurrence of this infection has been reported from most of the neighbouring countries; however, E. multilocularis has been found in the red fox population in Hungary. Summarizing the recent knowledge concerning epidemiological, clinical patterns and therapeutic options, the authors describe the first Hungarian case of alveolar echinococcosis. In the presence of appropriate clinical findings, the possibility of this rare infection has to be considered in the differencial diagnosis of infiltrative hepatic lesions.
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