The establishment of tocopherol reference intervals for Hungarian adult population using a validated HPLC method

G. Veres, László Szpisjak, Attila Bajtai, Andrea Siska, P. Klivényi, I. Ilisz, I. Földesi, L. Vécsei, Dénes Zádori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Evidence suggests that decreased α-tocopherol (the most biologically active substance in the vitamin E group) level can cause neurological symptoms, most likely ataxia. The aim of the current study was to first provide reference intervals for serum tocopherols in the adult Hungarian population with appropriate sample size, recruiting healthy control subjects and neurological patients suffering from conditions without symptoms of ataxia, myopathy or cognitive deficiency. A validated HPLC method applying a diode array detector and rac-tocol as internal standard was utilized for that purpose. Furthermore, serum cholesterol levels were determined as well for data normalization. The calculated 2.5–97.5% reference intervals for α-, β/γ- and δ-tocopherols were 24.62–54.67, 0.81–3.69 and 0.29–1.07 μm, respectively, whereas the tocopherol/cholesterol ratios were 5.11–11.27, 0.14–0.72 and 0.06–0.22 μmol/mmol, respectively. The establishment of these reference intervals may improve the diagnostic accuracy of tocopherol measurements in certain neurological conditions with decreased tocopherol levels. Moreover, the current study draws special attention to the possible pitfalls in the complex process of the determination of reference intervals as well, including the selection of study population, the application of internal standard and method validation and the calculation of tocopherol/cholesterol ratios.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3953
JournalBiomedical Chromatography
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017


  • cholesterol
  • HPLC
  • human samples
  • reference interval
  • tocopherol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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