The purpose of this investigation was to provide a detailed analysis of the effects of the thromboxane antagonist L655,240 (0.3 mg/kg i.v.) on early ischemia- and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in a canine model of coronary artery occlusion. In a dose that abolished the pulmonary response to U46619, L655,240 attenuated markedly the severity of those arrhythmias that resulted from reperfusion of the myocardium; survival from the combined occlusion-reperfusion insult was increased from 10% in control animals to 70% in dogs administered L655,240. Drug intervention did not significantly alter the total number of arrhythmias during the period of ischemia, but a detailed analysis of the different types of arrhythmia that occurred during this period showed that L655,240 significantly reduced those arrhythmias in phase 1a (0-10 min of occlusion) without affecting the later phase 1b arrhythmias. This was particularly shown in the marked reduction in the number of salvos (couplets and triplets) during this period. Neither those arrhythmias occurring later in the ischaemia period (phase 1b) nor the total number of single ectopics and salvos or the incidence and duration of ventricular tachycardia was modified by L655,240. These results reveal that thromboxane antagonism protects especially against reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation and against early (phase 1a) ischemia-induced arrhythmias, possibly implicating a role for thromboxane in the genesis of these cardiac rhythm disturbances.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine