The effects of adjuvant arthritis on the myometrial adrenergic functions in the nonpregnant and the late-pregnant rat

G. Csik, G. Spiegl, R. Minorics, G. Falkay, I. Zupko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The beneficial effects of pregnancy on the symptoms of inflammatory diseases are well documented. The modulation in the uterine functions in the presence of generalized inflammation, however, is much less characterized. The aim of the present study was to explore the modulatory action of adjuvant arthritis on the adrenergic funct ions of the uterus innonpregnant and late pregnant rats. Adjuvant arthritis was induced by the subplantar injection of M. butyricum. Presynaptic functions were characterized by a superfusion technique and by registration of the contractions of isolateduterine rings elicited by electric field stimulation. The functions of the adrenoceptors were characterized by constructing concentration-response curves with agonists for both a- and b-receptors. Where these curves differed significantly from the control, the expressions of these receptors at the mRNA level were additionally determined. Adjuvant arthritis substantially decreased the uptake and release of [3H]noradrenaline in myometrial samples from nonpregnant rats, but caused no change at term. The electrically induced contractions were decreased by inflammation in both gestational states. Arthritis resulted in decreased b-adrenoceptor-mediated relaxation (in both the nonpregnant and the late-pregnant animals) and an increase in a-mediated contraction at term. It can be concluded that adjuvant arthritis deteriorates the adrenergic innervation of the uterus. The effects of exogenous sympathomimetics are shifted, fav oring a state of higher contractility. If similar mechanisms are operative in humans, the present results could imply that b-adrenoceptor agonists are not ideal tocolytics when pregnancy is complicated by generalized inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-636
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume61
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Adjuvant arthritis
  • Adrenergic system
  • Alpha adrenoceptors
  • Beta adrenoceptors
  • Pregnancy
  • Rat myometrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology

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