The effect of various concentrations of nucleobases, nucleosides or glutamine on the incorporation of [3H]thymidine into DNA in rat mesenteric-lymph-node lymphocytes stimulated by phytohaemagglutinin

Z. Szondy, E. A. Newsholme

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Abstract

The rate of [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA was measured in phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated lymph-node lymphocytes of the rat. Addition of nucleobases or nucleosides to culture medium that already contained 0.2 mM-glutamine had a small stimulatory effect on incorporation. At lower concentrations of glutamine, adenosine (even at 1 μM) caused a marked increase in the rate of incorporation. In the absence of added glutamine, addition of nucleosides or nucleobases markedly increased the rate of incorporation: nucleosides were more effective than nucleobases; and the rate of proliferation in the presence of 10 μM-adenosine plus 10 μM-uridine was similar to that in the presence of optimal concentrations of glutamine. The rate of incorporation was dramatically decreased by an inhibitor of the pathway of pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis de novo. Addition of the pyrimidine nucleosides completely overcame the inhibition; addition of the pyrimidine nucleobases was much less effective. These results indicate that, for proliferation of lymphocytes, glutamine is not essential and can be partially or totally replaced by nucleosides and, to some extent, by nucleobases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-440
Number of pages4
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume270
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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