The effect of triacontanol on micropropagation of balm, Melissa officinalis L.

Á Tantos, A. Mészáros, J. Kissimon, G. Horváth, T. Farkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Triacontanol, a long-chain primary alcohol was found to be an effective growth regulator in the micropropagation of balm, Melissa officinalis. In both the multiplication and the rooting phase, concentrations of 2, 5, 10 and 20 μg triacontanol per liter were applied. After 4 weeks of culture, the fresh weight of shoots was measured in the multiplication phase and root formation, photosynthetic activity, chlorophyll content and the fresh and dry weights of shoots were analyzed in the root induction phase. In the multiplication phase, 5 μg/l triacontanol was found to be the optimal concentration, while in the rooting phase 2 μg/l was the most effective. Triacontanol increased the number and length of roots, and it enhanced shoot growth, fresh weight, and the chlorophyll content, but it had no effect on the dry weight and the photosynthetic activity of the plants. Results of our work demonstrate that triacontanol can be applied as an effective growth regulator in the tissue culture of balm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-91
Number of pages4
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

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triacontanol
Melissa officinalis
micropropagation
growth regulators
shoots
rooting
chlorophyll
tissue culture
alcohols

Keywords

  • Growth regulator
  • Melissa officinalis
  • Micropropagation
  • Tissue culture
  • Triacontanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

The effect of triacontanol on micropropagation of balm, Melissa officinalis L. / Tantos, Á; Mészáros, A.; Kissimon, J.; Horváth, G.; Farkas, T.

In: Plant Cell Reports, Vol. 19, No. 1, 11.1999, p. 88-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tantos, Á ; Mészáros, A. ; Kissimon, J. ; Horváth, G. ; Farkas, T. / The effect of triacontanol on micropropagation of balm, Melissa officinalis L. In: Plant Cell Reports. 1999 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 88-91.
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