The effect of the Progesterone-Induced Blocking Factor (PIBF) on E-cadherin expression, cell motility and invasion of primary tumour cell lines

Tímea Balassa, Gergely Berta, László Jakab, Noémi Bohonyi, J. Szekeres-Barthó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In addition to being immunomodulatory, Progesterone-Induced Blocking Factor (PIBF) plays a role in cell cycle regulation and invasion. The full length protein is associated with the pericentriolar satellites and as such, it is crucial for maintaining the integrity of spindle poles during mitosis. Another suggestive evidence for the involvement of PIBF in tumour progression is the fact that the PIBF gene has been identified on chromosome 13 in the region associated with breast cancer susceptibility. Earlier we showed that PIBF differentially regulates the invasiveness of trophoblast and tumour cell lines. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the role of PIBF in tumour development, using primary ovarian- (OC) and primary lung carcinoma (LC) cell cultures, and JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cell line. In the cultured cells PIBF was knocked down by siRNA treatment, and the impact of PIBF deficiency on MMP-9 activity and E-cadherin expression as well as on invasive and migratory capacity of the cells was tested. In conditioned media of PIBF-deficient JEG-3 cells, LC cells and OC cells MMP-9 activity was reduced to 36% 35%, and 65% respectively compared to controls. Though PIBF knock down did not affect migration, in JEG-3 cells, LC primary cells and OC primary cells PIBF deficiency resulted 20%, 50% and 50% decrease of invasion respectively. PIBF silencing resulted in increased E-cadherin expression, suggesting that by down regulating E-cadherin expression, PIBF might interfere with the cell–cell adhesion mechanisms and by increasing MMP activity induced extracellular matrix degradation, facilitates the invasion of tumour cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

Keywords

  • Invasion
  • PIBF
  • Progesterone
  • Tumour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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