The effect of tear supplementation with 0.15% preservative-free zinc-hyaluronate on ocular surface sensations in patients with dry eye

Kristóf Perényi, Lóránt Dienes, Anna Kornafeld, Balázs Kovács, Huba J. Kiss, Zsuzsanna Szepessy, Zoltán Z. Nagy, Árpád Barsi, M. Carmen Acosta, Juana Gallar, I. Kovács

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of tear supplementation with preservative free 0.15% zinc-hyaluronate on ocular surface sensations and corneal sensitivity in dry eye patients. Methods: Ocular surface sensations were assessed using the ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire and by recording ocular sensations during forced blinking in parallel with noninvasive tear film breakup time measurement in 20 eyes of 20 dry eye patients. Corneal sensitivity thresholds to selective stimulation of corneal mechano-, thermal- and chemical receptors were measured using the Belmonte gas esthesiometer. All baseline measurements were repeated after 1 month of treatment with 0.15% zinc-hyaluronate. Results: After 1 month, a significant decrease in mean OSDI score (from 35.66 ± 12.36 to 15.03 ± 11.22; P < 0.001) and a significant improvement in tear film breakup time (from 3.83 ± 0.80 to 8.67 ± 4.50 s; P < 0.001) was observed compared to baseline. Sensory responses during the interblink period also significantly decreased after 1 month (P < 0.004). Corneal sensitivity thresholds to mechanical stimulation (90.61 ± 20.35 vs. 103.92 ± 17.97 mL/min; P < 0.025) and chemical stimulation (33.21 ± 0.51 vs. 33.58% ± 0.44% CO2; P < 0.025) significantly increased after 1 month, however sensitivity thresholds to thermal stimulation remained unchanged compared to baseline (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Prolonged use of 0.15% zinc-hyaluronate results in an improvement of tear film stability and a decrease of dry eye complaints. The decrease in corneal mechano-and polymodal receptor excitability suggests that zinc-hyaluronate helps to recover normal corneal sensitivity, and thus might have a beneficial additional effect on reducing ocular surface complaints in dry eye patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-492
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017

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Keywords

  • dry eye
  • hyaluronate
  • tear supplementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Perényi, K., Dienes, L., Kornafeld, A., Kovács, B., Kiss, H. J., Szepessy, Z., Nagy, Z. Z., Barsi, Á., Acosta, M. C., Gallar, J., & Kovács, I. (2017). The effect of tear supplementation with 0.15% preservative-free zinc-hyaluronate on ocular surface sensations in patients with dry eye. Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 33(6), 487-492. https://doi.org/10.1089/jop.2016.0194