The effect of ranibizumab and aflibercept treatment on the prevalence of outer retinal tubulation and its influence on retreatment in neovascular age-related macular degeneration 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1113 Ophthalmology and Optometry

Attila Kovacs, Timea Kiss, Ferenc Rarosi, Gabor M. Somfai, Andrea Facsko, Rozsa Degi

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Abstract

Background: We aimed to analyze the differences in the prevalence of outer retinal tubulation (ORT) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents, either aflibercept or ranibizumab. Our further aim was to examine the changes in the frequency of injections of ranibizumab before and after ORT appearance. Methods: Two hundred thirty six eyes of 230 patients were included in the study (184 eyes treated with ranibizumab by pro re nata regimen (PRN), 52 eyes with aflibercept bimonthly) and followed for 6-24 months. Using optical coherence tomography (OCT), the first appearance of ORT was documented, and fixed time point evaluations were also made every six months to determine the existence of ORT. The number of injections, the presence or absence of subretinal hyperreflective material (SHRM) at treatment initiation and visual acuity were also noted. Results: The survival analysis with Cox proportional hazard model showed no significant difference between the ranibizumab and aflibercept groups in relation to the development of ORT (p = 0.79, hazard ratio 0.92). In the PRN treated ranibizumab group the number of injections showed significant decrease after ORT development (p = 0.004). When SHRM was present at treatment initiation the chance of developing ORT was 2.75 and 11.14 times higher in the ranibizumab and aflibercept groups, respectively. Conclusions: The prevalence of ORT increased over time independently from the chosen anti-VEGF drug. Our results suggest that upon the appearance of ORT a decrease in retreatments can be expected.

Original languageEnglish
Article number298
JournalBMC ophthalmology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 14 2018

Keywords

  • Aflibercept
  • Anti-VEGF
  • Outer retinal tubulation
  • Prevalence
  • Retreatment
  • Subretinal hyperreflective material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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