A sugárterápia hatása a daganatellenes immunválaszra

Translated title of the contribution: The effect of radiotherapy on the antitumor immune response. Possibilities to combine radiotherapy with immunotherapy

Katalin Lumniczky, Géza Sáfrány

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The past three decades of immunology research led to a drastic increase in the knowledge of antitumor immune response mechanisms and in parallel to a rapid development in various antitumor immune therapy strategies. This will most probably result in the implementation of immunotherapeutic protocols within the standard anticancer regimens in a very near future. Though, it is obvious that combination of immunotherapy with traditional anticancer treatment modalities will only be legitimate if the combination has at least an additive, or perhaps a synergistic effect. The similarly dynamic progress in the radiobiological knowledge proved that ionizing radiation does not have a general immune suppressing effect, as it has been thought for decades, but might possess certain immune stimulatory effects, as well. It is also known by now that local irradiation due to its out-of-field effects has systemic immune modulatory capacity, too. In the light of all these novel findings the optimal combination between antitumor immunotherapy and radiotherapy has become an increasing option. The first part of the present review summarizes the main antitumor mechanisms that can be influenced by ionizing radiation, and the second part attempts to provide a comprehensive overview of those antitumor immunotherapeutic modalities that are currently being used in combination with radiotherapy in preclinical and/or clinical trials for the treatment of various tumors.

Translated title of the contributionThe effect of radiotherapy on the antitumor immune response. Possibilities to combine radiotherapy with immunotherapy
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalMagyar onkologia
Volume60
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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