The effect of GHRH antagonists on human glioblastomas and their mechanism of action

Eva Pozsgai, Andrew V. Schally, Marta Zarandi, Jozsef L. Varga, Irving Vidaurre, Szabolcs Bellyei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of new growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) antagonists JMR-132 and MIA-602 and their mechanism of action were investigated on 2 human glioblastoma cell lines, DBTRG-05 and U-87MG, in vitro and in vivo. GHRH receptors and their main splice variant, SV1 were found on both cell lines. After treatment with JMR-132 or MIA-602, the cell viability decreased significantly. A major decrease in the levels of phospho-Akt, phospho-GSK3Î and phosho-ERK 1/2 was detected at 5 and 10 min following treatment with the GHRH antagonists, whereas elevated levels of phospho-p38 were observed at 24 hr. The expression of caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) (PARP), as the downstream executioners of apoptosis were found to be significantly elevated after treatment. Following treatment of the glioblastoma cells with GHRH antagonists, nuclear translocation of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) and Endonuclease G (Endo G) and the mitochondrial release of cytochrome c (cyt c) were detected, indicating that the cells were undergoing apoptosis. In cells treated with GHRH antagonists, the collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential was shown with fluorescence microscopy and JC-1 membrane potential sensitive dye. There were no significant differences between results obtained in DBTRG-05 or U-87MG cell lines. After treatment with MIA-602 and JMR-132, the reduction rate in the growth of DBTRG-05 glioblastoma, xenografted into nude mice, was significant and tumor doubling time was also significantly extended when compared with controls. Our study demonstrates that GHRH antagonists induce apoptosis through key proapoptotic pathways and shows the efficacy of MIA-602 for experimental treatment of glioblastoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2313-2322
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume127
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Akt
  • ERK [1/2]
  • GHRH antagonist
  • apoptosis
  • glioblastoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this