The effect of endotoxin on sympathetic responses in the rat isolated perfused mesenteric bed; involvement of nitric oxide and cyclo‐oxygenase products

Zahra Fatehi‐Hassanabad, Brian L. Furman, James R. Parratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of endotoxin on the vasoconstrictor responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation (SNS) were investigated in the rat isolated perfused mesenteric bed. Rats received either saline (0.1 ml h−1) or endotoxin (2.5 mg kg−1 h−1) intravenously for 4 h; the mesenteric beds were then isolated, perfused with Krebs and prepared for SNS (50 V, 3 ms, 7–40 Hz). SNS caused a frequency‐dependent vasoconstrictor response which was abolished by either tetrodotoxin (10−7 m), prazosin (2.4 × 10−7m) or guanethidine (2.4 × 10−7m). In mesenteric vascular beds removed from rats infused with endotoxin, there were markedly impaired vasoconstrictor responses to SNS, although responses to noradrenaline were not modified. Removal of the endothelium with distilled water prevented endotoxin‐induced impairment of vasoconstrictor responses to SNS, without modifying these responses in preparations from control rats. Pretreatment with dexamethasone (3 mg kg−1 i.p. 1 h before commencing endotoxin or saline infusions) did not modify responses to SNS in control rats but prevented the effects of endotoxin. Both L‐NAME (10−3 m) and indomethacin (10−5 m) restored responses to SNS in preparations from endotoxin‐treated rats without modifying these responses in control preparations. However, co‐administration of L‐NAME and indomethacin markedly augmented responses in both control and endotoxin‐treated preparations. The effects of L‐NAME were reversed by addition of L‐arginine (10−3m). The data suggest that endotoxin impairs the release of noradrenaline and that this effect is secondary to increased production of nitric oxide and prostanoids, possibly by the endothelium. 1995 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3316-3322
Number of pages7
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology
Volume116
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995

Keywords

  • Endotoxin
  • cyclo‐oxygenase
  • dexamethasone
  • endothelium
  • mesenteric vascular bed
  • nitric oxide
  • sympathetic stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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