The capability of β-ecdysterone to induce autophagocytosis in the fat body cells of penultimate larvae of Mamestra brassicae was investigated both in vivo and in vitro. The hormone proved ineffective when applied for 3 h on the first 3 days of the instar, but it induced the formation of autophagic vacuoles on the 4th day (24 h before ecdysis). This effect became more pronounced when the hormone was administered 10 h before ecdysis. Cells incubated in vitro reacted to ecdysterone more sensitively than cells of similar age treated in vivo. It was concluded that the responsiveness of the fat body cells to ecdysterone as evaluated on the basis of autophagy depends on the age of the larvae. The increased sensitivity of the cells to ecdysterone at the end of the penultimate stage may be related to the decrease of juvenile hormone titre during this period.
- Fat body
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology