The effect of certain steroid hormones on the expression of genes involved in the metabolism of free radicals

Ildiko Adler, Zsolt Tulassay, Julia Stark, Istvan Marczell, Peter Nagy-Repas, Szabolcs Varbiro, Zoltan Magyar, Bela Szekacs, Karoly Racz, Gabor Bekesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Steroid hormones influence the antioxidant processes of cells. However, the molecular mechanism of this effect is not fully clear. Our aim was to examine how steroid hormones affect the expression of certain genes that play a role in antioxidant processes. Blood was taken from ten healthy volunteers. Neutrophil granulocytes were separated and treated either with 17-β-estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, or cortisol. Whole RNA was isolated and reverse transcription was carried out in treated and control groups. Relative quantification was performed with SYBR Green assay and gene-specific oligonucleotides. We found that the expression of Mn-superoxide dismutase was significantly increased by 17-β-estradiol and testosterone, myeloperoxidase expression was significantly elevated by cortisol and progesterone, and the expression of NADPH oxidase was significantly decreased by progesterone. We conclude that the antioxidant effect of steroid hormones is in part carried out through transcriptional regulation of certain enzymes. Subsequent studies are required in order to examine the non-genomic, membrane receptor mediated effect of steroids on antioxidant processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)912-916
Number of pages5
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012


  • Antioxidant
  • Enzyme activity
  • Free radicals
  • Gene expression
  • Steroid hormone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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