The effect of centrifugation at various g force levels on rheological properties of rat, dog, pig and human red blood cells

Ferenc Kiss, Eniko Toth, Kornel Miszti-Blasius, Norbert Nemeth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Laboratory investigations often require centrifugation of blood samples for various erythrocyte tests. Although there is a lack of data about the effect of centrifugation at various g force levels on erythrocyte rheological properties. We aimed to investigate the effect of a 10-minute centrifugation at 500, 1000 or 1500 g at 15°C of rat, dog, pig and human venous (K3-EDTA, 1.5 mg/ml) blood samples. Hematological parameters, erythrocyte deformability, cell membrane stability, osmotic gradient ektacytometry (osmoscan) and erythrocyte aggregation were determined. Hematological and erythrocyte deformability parameters showed interspecies differences, centrifugation caused no significant alterations. Cell membrane stability for human erythrocytes centrifuged at higher g level showed less decrease in deformability. Osmoscan O min parameter showed slight elevation in dog centrifuged aliquots. Erythrocyte aggregation parameters changed unexpectedly. Rat and dog erythrocyte aggregation indices significantly dropped in centrifuged aliquots. Pig erythrocyte aggregation indices increased significantly after centrifugation. Human erythrocyte aggregation was the most stable one among the investigated species. The used centrifugation protocols caused the largest alterations in erythrocyte aggregation in a controversial way among the investigated species. On the other hand, erythrocyte deformability parameters were stable, cell membrane stability and osmoscan data show minor shifts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-227
Number of pages13
JournalClinical hemorheology and microcirculation
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 6 2016

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Keywords

  • Red blood cell deformability
  • comparative hemorheology
  • mechanical stress
  • red blood cell aggregation
  • sample preparation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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