The effect of anaesthetics on protein conformation in membranes as studied by the spin-labelling technique

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Abstract

The effect of general and local anaesthetics was studied on the membrane components (proteins and lipids) of frog sciatic nerve using the spin-labelling technique. A rapid and effective method was developed to incorporate fatty acid labels into the lipid regions and to attach the maleimide spin labels to the thiol sites of the proteins of the membrane. On the basis of the rotational correlation time of the attached maleimide spin labels, at least three different protein domains were identified. One part of the labels has a preferred orientation with respect to the axis of the nerve fibre. The effect of halothane and of local anaesthetics such as lidocaine and tetracaine, which influence primarily the lipid regions of the membrane, is efficiently transferred to the spin-labelled membrane proteins via strong lipid-protein interaction. The results support the concept that the architecture and the physiological activity of the membrane-bound proteins are sensitive to changes in the physical state of membrane lipids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-328
Number of pages10
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume734
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 12 1983

Keywords

  • (Frog sciatic nerve)
  • Anesthetic-membrane interaction
  • Lipid-protein interaction
  • Protein conformation
  • Spin label

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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