Conditioning agents used on dentin with composite materials are biologically active and may have deleterious effects on the pulpal microcirculation. No data are available on the immediate vascular effect of etching materials applied on a constant thin pulpal dentin. In this study the authors examined whether the application of 36% phosphoric acid (Conditioner 36, 15 seconds) or itakonic acid with 10% maleic acid (NRC Non-Rinse Conditioner, 20 seconds), as recommended by the manufacturers, alters the blood circulation in the pulp of the rat's lower incisors. The effect of prolonged etching time (60 seconds) was also assessed (Conditioner 36). The application of saline served as the untreated control. The technique of vitalmicroscopy was used on the first lower incisor of 40 (10-10 in each group) male Sprague-Dawley rats (weighing 350 +/- 8 g SE) to record the changes in vessel diameter prior to and at 5, 15, 30 and 60 minutes after the test materials were administered on the dentin. In the control rats, the vessel diameter was stable during the entire experiment. Acid conditioning as recommended by the manufacturers tended to cause vasodilatation, though these alterations were statistically not significant when compared to the control group (ANOVA, p > 0.05). After prolonged etching time (Conditioner 36, 60 seconds) significant vasoconstriction (-14.4 +/- 6.13; -10.59 +/- 4.2; -11.96 +/- 6.75; -5.49 +/- 5.78%) was observed (ANOVA, p < 0.05). In this group, stasis developed in pulpal blood circulation in 40% of rats (Cochran's-Q test, p < 0.05), gas-bubble formation was observed in 30% and the disappearance of the pulpal wall occurred in 20%. These results suggest that exposition time with acid is crucial to the pulpal microcirculation. That is, acid conditioning applied as indicated (for 15-20 seconds) onto a very thin layer of dentin only slightly affects the blood supply to the dental pulp; however, prolonged etching time (for 60 seconds) results in immediate failure of microcirculation in the dental pulp of rats.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2001|
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