Introduction: The cochlear implants vary in electrodes in terms of length, width and proximity to the modiolus. The precurved electrode arrays could be placed closer to the modiolus and the ganglion cells compared to straight electrodes. The two types of electrode arrays provide different electrophysiological characteristics; however, proximity to the modiolus may lead to better hearing performance. Aim: To investigate our preliminary electrophysiological results that suggest that the Slim Modiolar (SM) electrode array has the potential to elicit similar neural responses as the thicker perimodiolar (Contour Advance, CA) electrode from the same generation of implants. Method: Subjects that were implanted either with CA or SM electrodes were enrolled, 54 consecutive subjects in each group. All electrodes were introduced into the cochlea via the round window. The diameter of the largest turn of the electrode arrays within the cochlea was measured through postoperative radiography. The energy consumption parameters were estimated 2 months after implantation. Results: The mean of the largest turns of the arrays within the cochlea was 4.2 ± 0.5 mm in the SM group and 4.9 ± 1.1 mm in the CA group. 'Auto power' was 44.81 ± 5.05% and 50.85 ± 8.35% with SM and CA, respectively. Estimated energy consumption was lower with SM. The differences were statistically significant. Conclusion: Our measurements for a large cohort in each group suggest that the SM electrode array takes a significantly closer position to the modiolus than the CA. This finding supports our earlier electrophysiological result and indicates better performance abilities. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(31): 1216-1222.
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